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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜口金戈 (YRCI), four-corner 08632, composition)

  1. accuse
  2. argue, dispute
  3. litigate
  4. sixth hexagram of the I Ching

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1149, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35266
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1616, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3949, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8A1F

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (訟), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 邪 (17)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 祥容切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/zɨoŋ/ /zi̯woŋ/ /zioŋ/ /zioŋ/ /zuawŋ/ /zĭwoŋ/ /zioŋ/
Character (訟), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 邪 (17)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 似用切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/zɨoŋH/ /zi̯woŋH/ /zioŋH/ /zioŋH/ /zuawŋH/ /zĭwoŋH/ /zioŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sòng ‹ zjowngH › /*s.[ɢ]oŋ-s/ litigate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4116 0 /*sɢloŋ/
4119 0 /*sɢloŋs/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(song) (hangeul , revised song, McCune-Reischauer song, Yale song)

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