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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʷas, *ɡʷa): phonetic  ‎(eyes) + semantic  ‎(bird)

the eyesight of eagles

Han character[edit]

(radical 109 +13, 18 strokes, cangjie input 月山人土 (BUOG), four-corner 66214, composition)

  1. used as a surname

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 819, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23747
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1231, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2517, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+77BF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (30)
Final: (24)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: qú
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɡɨo/ /ɡio/ /ɡio/ /guə̆/ /ɡio/ /ɡĭu/ /gi̯u/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (28)
Final: (24)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jù
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɨoH/ /kioH/ /kioH/ /kuə̆H/ /kioH/ /kĭuH/ /ki̯uH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ gju › /*[ɡ]ʷ(r)a/ a kind of lance

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7137 0 /*kʷas/
7138 0 /*ɡʷa/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, , cồ)

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