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See also:
U+5614, 嘔
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5614

[U+5613]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5615]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 口尸口口 (RSRR), four-corner 61016, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 206, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4200
  • Dae Jaweon: page 429, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 674, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5614

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰoː, *kʰo
*kʰoː
*kʰoː, *qoː
*qoː
*qoː, *qoːʔ
*qoː, *kʰo
*qoː
*qoː
*qoː, *qoːs
*qoː
*qoː, *qoːʔ
*qoː
*qoː
*qoː, *kʰu, *qo, *qos
*qoː, *qas
*qoː
*qoːʔ
*qoːʔ
*kʰl'o
*kʰjo
*kʰo, *kʰos
*kʰo
*kʰo
*kʰo
*kʰo
*qoʔ
*qos
*qos

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qoː, *qoːʔ): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *qoː, *kʰo).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms original form
𠴰

𣢨
𧖼

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note: áu - vernacular, ó͘/ió - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔəuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔəuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔəwX/
Li
Rong
/ʔuX/
Wang
Li
/əuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ǒu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*qˁ(r)oʔ/
English vomit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 10596
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qoːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to vomit
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 嘔吐 (“to vomit”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 嘔吐
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Harbin
Jinan
Muping
Wanrong
Xi'an
Xining
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan , ,
Chengdu , 發吐, 嘔吐
Guiyang
Guilin
Liuzhou
Yangzhou ,
Nanjing
Hefei
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan)
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
Hong Kong (Ting Kok)
Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau)
Macau
Panyu
Huadu (Huashan)
Conghua
Zengcheng
Foshan
Nanhai (Shatou)
Shunde
Sanshui
Gaoming (Mingcheng)
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Zhuhai (Qianshan)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Doumen
Jiangmen (Baisha)
Xinhui
Taishan
Kaiping (Chikan)
Enping (Niujiang)
Heshan (Yayao)
Dongguan
Bao'an (Shajing)
Yangjiang
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin 發嘔
Hepu
Kuala Lumpur
Ho Chi Minh City
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang ,
Hakka Meixian ,
Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua)
Dongguan (Qingxi)
Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 發嘔
Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui)
Conghua (Lütian)
Luchuan (Daqiao)
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian) , , 翻肚
Liudui (S. Sixian) , , 翻肚
Hsinchu (Hailu) , , 翻肚
Dongshi (Dabu) , , 翻肚
Hsinchu (Raoping) , , 翻肚
Yunlin (Zhao'an) , 貶腹
Senai
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou , , , 嘔吐
Fuqing
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Dongshan
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Philippines (Manila)
Zhangping (Yongfu) 發吐
Pingnan
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru
Wenchang
Haikou
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning ,
Guilin
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Quanzhou

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔəw/
Li
Rong
/ʔu/
Wang
Li
/əu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ōu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 10589
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qoː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (ōu, “to sing”).
  2. (onomatopoeia) Used to describe orchestral music, cooing, etc.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Definitions[edit]

  1. to make someone angry
  2. to become angry

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) affable; kind
  2. (literary) to exhale air to warm something up

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (obsolete) the sound of anger

Etymology 6[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. An informal greeting.

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu, hu) (hangeul , , revised gu, hu, McCune–Reischauer ku, hu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ẩu, xua)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.