οὐ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly οὐκί ‎(oukí), from *ojukid, from Proto-Indo-European *(ne) h₂óyu kʷid ‎(not ever, not on your life). Compare Sanskrit उद् ‎(ud), Gothic 𐌿𐌳 ‎(ud), Old Armenian ոչ ‎(očʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adverb[edit]

οὐ ‎(ou)

  1. not (indicates negation)

Usage notes[edit]

οὐ is the indicative negator (i.e. of facts, statements), where μή ‎(mḗ) is the subjunctive negator (i.e. of will, thought). It usually immediately precedes the word (most often a verb) which it negates. Negative concord (also known as double negatives) is frequent in Ancient Greek.

References[edit]

  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill