οὐ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE roots
*h₂ey-
*kʷ-

Possibly οὐκί ‎(oukí), from *ojukid, from Proto-Indo-European *ne) h₂oyu kʷid, "not ever, not on your life". Compare Sanskrit उद् ‎(ud), Gothic 𐌿𐌳 ‎(ud), Old Armenian ոչ ‎(očʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adverb[edit]

οὐ ‎(ou)

  1. not (indicates negation)

Usage notes[edit]

οὐ is the indicative negator (i.e. of facts, statements), where μή ‎(mḗ) is the subjunctive negator (i.e. of will, thought). It usually immediately precedes the word (most often a verb) which it negates. Negative concord (also known as double negatives) is frequent in Ancient Greek.

References[edit]

  • οὐ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • «οὐ» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • «οὐ» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • nay idem, page 553.
    • no idem, page 559.
    • not idem, page 560.
    • tear idem, page 858.