ξένος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ξένϝος (xénwos), perhaps from Pre-Greek.[1]. Also reflected in Albanian huaj (alien) from *ksōn(w)ja

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ksé.nos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈksɛ.nos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈkse.nos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈkse.nos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈkse.nos/
  • Adjective[edit]

    ξένος (xénosm (feminine ξένη, neuter ξένον); first/second declension

    1. foreign
    2. strange, unusual

    Declension[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    ξένος (xénosm (genitive ξένου); second declension

    1. of parties giving or receiving hospitality: host and much more commonly guest
    2. stranger
    3. one who is hired: hired worker, mercenary
    4. foreigner

    Declension[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ξένος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 1034

    Further reading[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek ξένος (xénos).

    Noun[edit]

    ξένος (xénosm (plural ξένοι, feminine ξένη)

    1. foreigner, alien
    2. stranger
    3. guest

    Declension[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    ξένος (xénosm (feminine ξένη, neuter ξένο)

    1. foreign
    2. strange, unfamiliar

    Declension[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]