ฝรั่ง

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Thai[edit]

A farang in Thailand

Etymology[edit]

From Persian فرنگ(farang) or فرنگی(farangi, French; European; Westerner; Christian), from Old French franc (a Frank). Cognate with Khmer បារាំង (baarang), Burmese ဘရင်ဂျီ (bha.ranggyi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographicฝรั่ง
v r ạ ˋ ŋ
Phonemic
ฝะ-หฺรั่ง
v a – h ̥ r ạ ˋ ŋ
[colloquial]
ฟะ-หฺรั่ง
f a – h ̥ r ạ ˋ ŋ
RomanizationPaiboonfà-ràngfá-ràng
Royal Institutefa-rangfa-rang
(standard) IPA(key)/fa˨˩.raŋ˨˩/(R)/fa˦˥.raŋ˨˩/(R)
Audio

Noun[edit]

ฝรั่ง (fà-ràng)

  1. (informal) (classifiers: คน, ท่าน) farang, westerner.
  2. a category of traditional Thai songs, such as ฝรั่งกลาย (fà-ràng-glaai), ฝรั่งควง (fà-ràng-kuuang), ฝรั่งจรกา (fà-ràng-jɔɔ-rá-gaa), ฝรั่งรำเท้า (fà-ràng-ram-táao), etc.
  3. (botany) common guava: the plant Psidium guajava of the family Myrtaceae. (This was called as "foreign fruit". See adjective.)
  4. any guava.

Adjective[edit]

ฝรั่ง (fà-ràng)

  1. foreign but similar to local object (many terms become compound words).
    มันฝรั่ง
    man-fà-ràng
    "foreign yam" = potato
    หมากฝรั่ง
    màak-fà-ràng
    "foreign (chewing) betel nut" = chewing gum
    หน่อไม้ฝรั่ง
    nɔ̀ɔ-máai-fà-ràng
    "foreign bamboo shoot" = asparagus
    ตรุษฝรั่ง
    dtrùt-fà-ràng
    "foreign year-end feast" = Christmas

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

Descendants[edit]

  • English: farang (westerner who comes to Thailand)
  • Lao: ຝະລັ່ງ (fa lang), ຝະຫຼັ່ງ (fa lang)
  • White Hmong: huablab