فرنگ

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Persian[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French franc.

First attested in Safarnama of Nasir Khusrow (written in 1045–1052).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

فرنگ (farang)

  1. (archaic) Frank, French
  2. (archaic) crusader
    • 1184–1291, Saadi, Golestan
      از صحبت یاران دمشقم ملالتی پدید آمده بود، سر در بیابان قدس نهادم و با حیوانات انس گرفتم تا وقتی که اسیر قید فرنگ شدم و در خندق طرابلس با جهودانم به کارگل داشتند.‎
      az suhbat-i yārān-i Damišqam malālati padīd āmada būd, sar dar biyābān-i Quds nahādam u bā haywānāt uns giriftam tā waqtī ki asīr-i qayd-i Farang šudam u dar xandaq-i Tarābulus bā Jahūdānam ba kārgil dāštand.
      I was upset from my Damascene friends and went to the desert of Palestine (...), until I was taken as captive by the Franks/Crusaders and they sent me with Jews as forced labourers to Tripoli, [Lebanon].
  3. (archaic) European
  4. (archaic) Christian
    • 1141–1209, Nezami
      فرنگ فلسطین و رهبان روم
      پذیرای فرمان مهرش چو موم
      Farang-i Filistīn u rahbān-i Rōm
      paḏīrā-yi farmān-i mihraš ču mōm
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

فرنگ (farang)

  1. (archaic) Francia
    • 1045–1052, Nasir Khusraw, Safarnama
      باجگاهی است آن جا که کشتی های که از اطراف روم و فرنگ و اندلس و مغرب بیاید عشر به سلطان دهند
      bājgāhē ast ānjā ki kaštī-hā'ē ki az atrāf-i Rōm u Farang u Andalus u Mağrib biyāyand ušr ba sultān dahand.
      ... there is a place to collect tribute over there through which the ships that come from Rum [Anatolia], Francia, Al-Andalus, and Maghreb pay ushr [one-tenth of the earned profit] to the sultan ...
  2. (dated) France
  3. (dated) Western world, especially Europe

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]