Gall

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See also: gall and gäll

English[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Gall (plural Galls)

  1. A surname​.

Breton[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Gall m (plural Gallaoued)

  1. (archaic) foreigner
  2. (dated) Gaul, Gaulish person
  3. Gallo-speaker
  4. Frenchman, Romance-speaking person not from Lower Brittany

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Inflection[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See gall.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Gall m (genitive singular Gaill, nominative plural Gaill)

  1. (historical) Gaul (person from Gaul)
  2. (historical) Northman, Dane (member of the Germanic tribe inhabiting the Danish islands and parts of southern Sweden)
  3. (historical) Norman (member of the mixed Scandinavian and French peoples who, in the 11th century, were a major military power in Western Europe and who conquered the English in 1066), Anglo-Norman (descendant of the Normans who settled in England after the Norman Conquest), Englishman
    Synonyms: Normannach
    1. (by extension) Brit
      Synonyms: Briotanach, Sasanach

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
Gall Ghall nGall
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "Gall" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “Gall” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “Gall” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gall (foreigner), from Latin Gallus (a Gaul), from a native Celtic name, the Gauls being the first strangers to visit or be visited by the Irish in Pre-Roman and Roman times. Compare Proto-Celtic *gallos (whence Welsh gal (enemy, foe)).

Noun[edit]

Gall m (genitive singular Goill, plural Goill)

  1. foreigner, alien
    Synonyms: coimheach, coigreach
  2. Lowlander (Scottish Lowlands)

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
Gall Ghall
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.