gallus

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See also: Gallus

Latin[edit]

gallus (rooster)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɡal.lus/, [ˈɡal.lʊs]
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From *galso-, enlargement of *gl̥s-o-, zero-grade of Proto-Indo-European *gols-o- (compare Proto-Balto-Slavic *galsas (voice), Proto-Germanic *kalzōną (to call), Albanian gjuhë (tongue; language), and perhaps Welsh galw (call)).

Noun[edit]

gallus m (genitive gallī); second declension

  1. A cock, rooster
Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative gallus gallī
Genitive gallī gallōrum
Dative gallō gallīs
Accusative gallum gallōs
Ablative gallō gallīs
Vocative galle gallī
Usage notes[edit]

The term gallus is inherently masculine, and so refers to a "rooster" (male chicken). The term gallīna is used for a "hen" (female chicken). The term pullus refers to a "chicken" without specifying the sex of the animal, although it often refers to a "chick".

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Likely derived from Proto-Celtic *galn- (to be able).[1]

Noun[edit]

gallus m (genitive gallī); second declension

  1. A Gaul
Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative gallus gallī
Genitive gallī gallōrum
Dative gallō gallīs
Accusative gallum gallōs
Ablative gallō gallīs
Vocative galle gallī

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 149

Scots[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A corruption of gallows, used attributively.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gallus (comparative mair gallus, superlative maist gallus)

  1. daring; confident; cheeky.
  2. (obsolete) Fit to be hanged; wicked; mischievous.
    • 1848: Look, what a gallus walk she's got! I've strong suspicions I'll have to get slung to her one of these days. — Benjamin A. Baker, A Glance at New York
    • 1922: ’Twas murmur we did for a gallus potion would rouse a friar, I’m thinking, and he limp from leching. — James Joyce, Ulysses