gallus

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See also: Gallus

Latin[edit]

gallus (rooster)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From *gal-n-o, enlargement of *gl̥H-o, zero-grade of Proto-Indo-European *golH-so (compare Welsh galw(call), English call, Lithuanian gal̃sas(echo), Polish głos(voice), Albanian gjuhë(voice), Russian голос(golos, voice)). Related to glōria.

Noun[edit]

gallus m (genitive gallī); second declension

  1. A cock, rooster
Usage notes[edit]

The term gallus is inherently masculine, and so refers to a "rooster" (male chicken). The term gallīna is used for a "hen" (female chicken). The term pullus refers to a "chicken" without specifying the gender of the animal, although it often refers to a "chick".

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Likely derived from Proto-Celtic *galn-(to be able).[1]

Noun[edit]

gallus m (genitive gallī); second declension

  1. A Gaul
Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative gallus gallī
genitive gallī gallōrum
dative gallō gallīs
accusative gallum gallōs
ablative gallō gallīs
vocative galle gallī

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 149

Scots[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A corruption of gallows, used attributively.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gallus (comparative mair gallus, superlative maist gallus)

  1. daring; confident; cheeky.
  2. (obsolete) Fit to be hanged; wicked; mischievous.
    • 1922: ’Twas murmur we did for a gallus potion would rouse a friar, I’m thinking, and he limp from leching. — James Joyce, Ulysses