gallus

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See also: Gallus

Latin[edit]

gallus (rooster)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From *gal-n-o, enlargement of *gl̥H-o, zero-grade of Proto-Indo-European *golH-so (compare Welsh galw (call), English call, Lithuanian gal̃sas (echo), Polish głos (voice), Albanian gjuhë (voice), Russian голос (golos, voice)). Related to glōria.

Noun[edit]

gallus m (genitive gallī); second declension

  1. A cock, rooster
Usage notes[edit]

The term gallus is inherently masculine, and so refers to a "rooster" (male chicken). The term gallīna is used for a "hen" (female chicken). The term pullus refers to a "chicken" without specifying the gender of the animal, although it often refers to a "chick".

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Likely derived from Proto-Celtic *galn- (to be able).[1]

Noun[edit]

gallus m (genitive gallī); second declension

  1. A Gaul
Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative gallus gallī
genitive gallī gallōrum
dative gallō gallīs
accusative gallum gallōs
ablative gallō gallīs
vocative galle gallī

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 149
  • gallus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gallus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “gallus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • gallus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • gallus in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • gallus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gallus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • gallus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Scots[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A corruption of gallows, used attributively.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gallus (comparative mair gallus, superlative maist gallus)

  1. daring; confident; cheeky.
  2. (obsolete) Fit to be hanged; wicked; mischievous.
    • 1848: Look, what a gallus walk she's got! I've strong suspicions I'll have to get slung to her one of these days. — Benjamin A. Baker, A Glance at New York
    • 1922: ’Twas murmur we did for a gallus potion would rouse a friar, I’m thinking, and he limp from leching. — James Joyce, Ulysses