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See also: Gallus


gallus (rooster)


Etymology 1[edit]

From *galso-, enlargement of *gl̥s-o-, zero-grade of Proto-Indo-European *gols-o- (compare Proto-Balto-Slavic *galsas (voice), Proto-Germanic *kalzōną (to call), Albanian gjuhë (tongue; language), and perhaps Welsh galw (call)).


gallus m (genitive gallī); second declension

  1. A cock, rooster
Usage notes[edit]

The term gallus is inherently masculine, and so refers to a "rooster" (male chicken). The term gallīna is used for a "hen" (female chicken). The term pullus refers to a "chicken" without specifying the gender of the animal, although it often refers to a "chick".

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Likely derived from Proto-Celtic *galn- (to be able).[1]


gallus m (genitive gallī); second declension

  1. A Gaul

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative gallus gallī
genitive gallī gallōrum
dative gallō gallīs
accusative gallum gallōs
ablative gallō gallīs
vocative galle gallī


  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 149
  • gallus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gallus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gallus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • gallus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • gallus in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • gallus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gallus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • gallus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly


Alternative forms[edit]


A corruption of gallows, used attributively.



gallus (comparative mair gallus, superlative maist gallus)

  1. daring; confident; cheeky.
  2. (obsolete) Fit to be hanged; wicked; mischievous.
    • 1848: Look, what a gallus walk she's got! I've strong suspicions I'll have to get slung to her one of these days. — Benjamin A. Baker, A Glance at New York
    • 1922: ’Twas murmur we did for a gallus potion would rouse a friar, I’m thinking, and he limp from leching. — James Joyce, Ulysses