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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人手一金 (OQMC), four-corner 25286, composition)

  1. debt, loan, liabilities

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 114, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1022
  • Dae Jaweon: page 244, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 207, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+50B5

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂai⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡sai⁵³/
/ʈ͡ʂai⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡sai⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂɛ²¹/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂai³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡sai⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡sɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sai²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sai³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sai¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sai²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂæ²¹²/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂae⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂe̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡sæ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sa³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡se̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sa⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sa³²⁴/
/t͡sɛ³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sa⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sai⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sai⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sɑi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sai³³/
Nanning /t͡sai³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sai³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sai²¹/
/t͡se²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sai³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡se²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sai³⁵/
/t͡sɛ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (18) (18)
Final () (31) (119)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃˠɛH/ /t͡ʃˠɛk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂᵚæH/ /ʈ͡ʂᵚæk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃæiH/ /t͡ʃɐk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂaɨjH/ /ʈ͡ʂəɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃɛH/ /t͡ʃɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃaiH/ /t͡ʃæk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂaiH/ /ʈ͡ʂæk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhài zhe
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhài
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrɛH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-tˤrek-s/
English debt

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1744 1759
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsreːɡs/ /*ʔsreːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さい, romaji sai)

  1. loan, debt

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chae) (hangeul , revised chae, McCune-Reischauer ch'ae)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trái)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.