自殺

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See also: 自杀

Chinese

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self to kill; to murder; to slaughter
trad. (自殺)
simp. (自杀)
alternative forms ZS Internet euphemism

Etymology

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The sense of "cutting a fruit" is influenced by Hokkien (thâi, to cut open or to kill).

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (15) (21)
Final () (15) (75)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Baxter dzijH sreat
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziɪH/ /ʃˠɛt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ziH/ /ʃᵚæt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjɪH/ /ʃæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ziH/ /ʂəɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziH/ /ʃɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/d͡ziH/ /ʃæt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱiH/ /ʂat̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sha
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zi6 saat3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shā
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzijH › ‹ dzijH › ‹ srɛt ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.[b]i[t]-s/ /*s.[b]i[t]-s/ /*s<r>at/
English self (adv.) to follow; from kill

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
No. 17879 11010
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljids/ /*sreːd/

Verb

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自殺

  1. (intransitive) to commit suicide; to kill oneself; to take one's own life
    Coordinate term: 他殺他杀 (tāshā)
    服毒自殺服毒自杀  ―  fúdú zìshā  ―  to commit suicide by taking poison
    自殺行為自杀行为  ―  zìshā xíngwéi  ―  suicidal behavior
    自殺危機自杀危机  ―  zìshā wēijī  ―  suicidal crisis
    自殺意念自杀意念  ―  zìshā yìniàn  ―  suicidal ideation
    自殺傾向自杀倾向  ―  zìshā qīngxiàng  ―  suicidality
    自殺經歷自杀经历  ―  zìshā jīnglì  ―  lived experience of suicide
    割腕自殺割腕自杀  ―  gēwàn zìshā  ―  to commit suicide by cutting one's wrists
    去年自殺去年自杀  ―  Tā qùnián zìshā le.  ―  He took his own life last year.
    應該媒體報導關於自殺新聞 [MSC, trad.]
    应该媒体报导关于自杀新闻 [MSC, simp.]
    Yīnggāi zài méitǐ zhōng bàodǎo guānyú zìshā de xīnwén ma? [Pinyin]
    Should suicides be reported in news media?
  2. (Taiwan, slang) (of the buyer) to cut a fruit, etc., especially a pineapple oneself (instead of asking the vendor to do it)
    Coordinate term: 他殺他杀 (tāshā)

Synonyms

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (自殺):
  • Japanese: ()(さつ) (jisatsu)
  • Korean: 자살(自殺) (jasal)
  • Vietnamese: tự sát (自殺)

Japanese

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
さつ
Grade: 5
on'yomi
Alternative spelling
自殺 (kyūjitai)

Pronunciation

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Noun

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()(さつ) (jisatsu

  1. suicide
    • 1988 July 30 [1983 December 25], Fujiko F. Fujio, “四畳半SL旅行 [Yojōhan SL Travel]”, in ひとりぼっちの宇宙戦争 [The One-Man Cosmic War] (藤子不二雄少年SF短編集; 1), 16th edition, volume 1 (fiction), Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 127:
      パパがあまいからですよ。
      Papa ga amai kara desu yo.
      You’re too easy on him, honey.
      だがな、きびしくして(いえ)()()(さつ)でもされてはな。
      Daga na, kibishiku shite iede ya jisatsu demo sarete wa na.
      If I were to be tough on him, he would run away and kill himself.
      そうね。あんな()わった()ですからね………。
      Sō ne. Anna kawatta ko desu kara ne……….
      You’re right. He’s such a peculiar child....

Coordinate terms

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Derived terms

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Verb

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()(さつ)する (jisatsu surusuru (stem ()(さつ) (jisatsu shi), past ()(さつ)した (jisatsu shita))

  1. to commit suicide

Conjugation

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References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Noun

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自殺 (jasal) (hangeul 자살)

  1. Hanja form? of 자살 (suicide).

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Verb

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自殺

  1. chữ Hán form of tự sát (suicide).