博士

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Chinese[edit]

 
extensive; ample; rich; obtain; aim; to win; to get; rich; plentiful; to gamble
scholar; warrior; knight
simp. and trad.
(博士)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (博士, reconstructed)
Character (博), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 鐸
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 補各切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pwɑk̚/ /pwɑk̚/ /puɑk̚/ /pʷɑk̚/ /pwak̚/ /puɑk̚/ /puɑk̚/
Character (士), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 崇 (20)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 鉏里切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɨX/ /ɖ͡ʐʱiX/ /d͡ʒiəX/ /ɖ͡ʐɨX/ /ɖ͡ʐɨX/ /d͡ʒĭəX/ /d͡ʒieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (博士, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pak › /*pˤak/ broad
shì ‹ dzriX › /*[m-s-]rəʔ/ officer; gentleman

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3474 0 /*paːɡ/
11511 0 /*zrɯʔ/

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese 博士 ‎(pak dzriX)

Noun[edit]

博士

  1. (historical) court academician (in feudal China)
  2. (historical) master; person with a particular skill
    博士  ―  chá bóshì  ―  a tea master

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Japanese 博士 ‎(hakase/hakushi), from Middle Chinese 博士 ‎(pak dzriX)

Noun[edit]

博士

  1. doctorate; Ph.D.
    北京大學取得博士學位 [MSC, trad.]
    北京大学取得博士学位 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā gāng cóng Běijīng dàxué qǔdé bóshì xuéwèi. [Pinyin]
    He recently obtained his doctorate degree from Peking University.
  2. a person who holds a doctorate; a doctor
    博士講座主講人 [MSC, trad.]
    博士讲座主讲人 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhāng bóshì shì zhè chǎng jiǎngzuò de zhǔjiǎngrén. [Pinyin]
    Dr. Zhang is the presenter of this seminar.
  3. (obsolete) learned scholar; polymath
Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (博士):


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
はか
Grade: 4

Grade: 4
Irregular
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

博士 ‎(hiragana はかせ, romaji hakase)

  1. (historical) court academician
  2. doctor (someone with a Ph.D.)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
はく
Grade: 4

Grade: 4
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 博士 ‎(pak dzriX)

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

博士 ‎(hiragana はくし, romaji hakushi)

  1. doctor (someone with a Ph.D.)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひろ
Grade: 4

Grade: 4
yutōyomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Proper noun[edit]

博士 ‎(hiragana ひろし, romaji Hiroshi)

  1. A male given name

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

博士 ‎(baksa) ‎(hangeul 박사)

  1. Hanja form? of 박사, “professor”.