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Etymology 1[edit]

From initium (beginning) +‎ .


initiō (present infinitive initiāre, perfect active initiāvī, supine initiātum); first conjugation

  1. to begin, originate
    Synonyms: incohō, exōrdior, occipiō, incipiō, coepiō, ōrdior, ineō, ingredior, aggredior, sūmō, moveō, committō, exorior, mōlior
    Antonyms: dēsistō, subsistō, cessō
  2. to initiate, consecrate
   Conjugation of initiō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present initiō initiās initiat initiāmus initiātis initiant
imperfect initiābam initiābās initiābat initiābāmus initiābātis initiābant
future initiābō initiābis initiābit initiābimus initiābitis initiābunt
perfect initiāvī initiāvistī initiāvit initiāvimus initiāvistis initiāvērunt,
pluperfect initiāveram initiāverās initiāverat initiāverāmus initiāverātis initiāverant
future perfect initiāverō initiāveris initiāverit initiāverimus initiāveritis initiāverint
passive present initior initiāris,
initiātur initiāmur initiāminī initiantur
imperfect initiābar initiābāris,
initiābātur initiābāmur initiābāminī initiābantur
future initiābor initiāberis,
initiābitur initiābimur initiābiminī initiābuntur
perfect initiātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect initiātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect initiātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present initiem initiēs initiet initiēmus initiētis initient
imperfect initiārem initiārēs initiāret initiārēmus initiārētis initiārent
perfect initiāverim initiāverīs initiāverit initiāverīmus initiāverītis initiāverint
pluperfect initiāvissem initiāvissēs initiāvisset initiāvissēmus initiāvissētis initiāvissent
passive present initier initiēris,
initiētur initiēmur initiēminī initientur
imperfect initiārer initiārēris,
initiārētur initiārēmur initiārēminī initiārentur
perfect initiātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect initiātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present initiā initiāte
future initiātō initiātō initiātōte initiantō
passive present initiāre initiāminī
future initiātor initiātor initiantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives initiāre initiāvisse initiātūrum esse initiārī initiātum esse initiātum īrī
participles initiāns initiātūrus initiātus initiandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
initiandī initiandō initiandum initiandō initiātum initiātū
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.



  1. dative/ablative singular of initium


  • initio”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • initio”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • initio in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • initio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be initiated into the mysteries of a cult: sacris initiari (Quintil. 12. 10. 14)
    • (ambiguous) the elements: elementa; initia or principia rerum
    • (ambiguous) at the beginning of the year: initio anni, ineunte anno