probo

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Probo, probó, and próbo

Galician

[edit]

Verb

[edit]

probo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of probar

Italian

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

Borrowed from Latin probus,[1] from Proto-Indo-European *pro-bʰuH-s (being in front), from *pro- (being in front), extended form of the root *per (through, forward) + *bʰuH- (to be).

Pronunciation

[edit]
  • IPA(key): /ˈprɔ.bo/
  • Rhymes: -ɔbo
  • Hyphenation: prò‧bo

Adjective

[edit]

probo (feminine proba, masculine plural probi, feminine plural probe)

  1. having strong moral principles; honest, decent, virtuous

Derived terms

[edit]
[edit]

References

[edit]
  1. ^ « probo », Lewis and Short, A Latin Dictionary, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1879

Latin

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Italic *proβwāō, from Proto-Indo-European *pro-bʰH-wó-s (being in front), from *pro- (forward) + *bʰuH- (to be).[1] Equivalent to probus (good, fit) +‎ .

Pronunciation

[edit]

Verb

[edit]

probō (present infinitive probāre, perfect active probāvī, supine probātum); first conjugation

  1. to approve, permit, commend
    Synonyms: approbō, assentiō, cōnscīscō, scīscō, adnuō
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 4.110-112:
      “[...] sī Iuppiter ūnam / esse velit Tyriīs urbem Troiāque profectīs, / miscērīve probet populōs, aut foedera iungī.”
      [Venus tells Juno that she is uncertain] “whether Jupiter wills [there] to be one city derived from Tyrians and Trojans, [and] if he will approve [of us] having blended [these] peoples, or the treaties to unite [them].”
  2. to test, to inspect
    Synonyms: periclitor, experior, tempto, explōrō, spectō
  3. to examine
    Synonyms: reputō, cōnsīderō, perpendō, circumspiciō, spectō
  4. to demonstrate, to prove, to show
    • 46 BCE, Cicero, Pro Ligario 16.2:
      Quod sī probāre Caesarī possēmus in Āfricā Ligārium omninō nōn fuisse [...]
      But if we could prove to Caesar that Ligarius wasn't even in Africa [...]
  5. to acquit, to exonerate
    Synonyms: absolvō, līberō, exonerō
    Antonyms: coarguō, comperiō

Conjugation

[edit]
   Conjugation of probō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present probō probās probat probāmus probātis probant
imperfect probābam probābās probābat probābāmus probābātis probābant
future probābō probābis probābit probābimus probābitis probābunt
perfect probāvī probāvistī,
probāstī1
probāvit,
probāt1
probāvimus,
probāmus1
probāvistis,
probāstis1
probāvērunt,
probāvēre,
probārunt1
pluperfect probāveram,
probāram1
probāverās,
probārās1
probāverat,
probārat1
probāverāmus,
probārāmus1
probāverātis,
probārātis1
probāverant,
probārant1
future perfect probāverō,
probārō1
probāveris,
probāris1
probāverit,
probārit1
probāverimus,
probārimus1
probāveritis,
probāritis1
probāverint,
probārint1
passive present probor probāris,
probāre
probātur probāmur probāminī probantur
imperfect probābar probābāris,
probābāre
probābātur probābāmur probābāminī probābantur
future probābor probāberis,
probābere
probābitur probābimur probābiminī probābuntur
perfect probātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect probātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect probātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present probem probēs probet probēmus probētis probent
imperfect probārem probārēs probāret probārēmus probārētis probārent
perfect probāverim,
probārim1
probāverīs,
probārīs1
probāverit,
probārit1
probāverīmus,
probārīmus1
probāverītis,
probārītis1
probāverint,
probārint1
pluperfect probāvissem,
probāssem1
probāvissēs,
probāssēs1
probāvisset,
probāsset1
probāvissēmus,
probāssēmus1
probāvissētis,
probāssētis1
probāvissent,
probāssent1
passive present prober probēris,
probēre
probētur probēmur probēminī probentur
imperfect probārer probārēris,
probārēre
probārētur probārēmur probārēminī probārentur
perfect probātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect probātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present probā probāte
future probātō probātō probātōte probantō
passive present probāre probāminī
future probātor probātor probantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives probāre probāvisse,
probāsse1
probātūrum esse probārī probātum esse probātum īrī
participles probāns probātūrus probātus probandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
probandī probandō probandum probandō probātum probātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms

[edit]

Descendants

[edit]

References

[edit]
  • probo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • probo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • probo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a thing meets with my approval: res mihi probatur
    • I express my approval of a thing: res a me probatur
    • to quote precedents for a thing: aliquid exemplis probare, comprobare, confirmare
    • to prove one's point to a person's satisfaction: aliquid alicui probare (or c. Acc. c. Inf.)
    • it follows from what we have shown: hoc probato consequens est
  • probo in Ramminger, Johann (2016 July 16 (last accessed)) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2024) “prove”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Portuguese

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

Borrowed from Latin probus (good, virtuous).

Pronunciation

[edit]
 

  • Hyphenation: pro‧bo

Adjective

[edit]

probo (feminine proba, masculine plural probos, feminine plural probas)

  1. honest, decent, virtuous (having strong moral principles)
[edit]

Spanish

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

Borrowed from Latin probus.

Pronunciation

[edit]
  • IPA(key): /ˈpɾobo/ [ˈpɾo.β̞o]
  • Rhymes: -obo
  • Syllabification: pro‧bo

Adjective

[edit]

probo (feminine proba, masculine plural probos, feminine plural probas)

  1. (formal) honest, upright
    Synonyms: honesto, honrado
    Antonym: ímprobo

Derived terms

[edit]

Further reading

[edit]