leer

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See also: Leer, lêer, and leër

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Exact development uncertain, but apparently from a verb *leer (to make a face), from leer (face).

Verb[edit]

leer (third-person singular simple present leers, present participle leering, simple past and past participle leered)

  1. (intransitive) To look sideways or obliquely; now especially with sexual desire or malicious intent.
    • 1834 [1799], Samuel Taylor Coleridge; Robert Southey, “The Devil's Thoughts”, in The Poetical Works of S. T. Coleridge, volume II, London: W. Pickering, page 86:
      And she looked to Mr. –––– / And leered like a love-sick pigeon.
  2. (transitive) To entice with a leer or leers.
    • 1681, John Dryden, The Spanish Fryar: Or, the Double Discovery. [], London: [] Richard Tonson and Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 6484883, Act I, page 6:
      But Bertran has been taught the Arts of Court, / To guild a Face with Smiles; and leer a man to ruin.
Conjugation[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

leer (plural leers)

  1. A significant side glance; a glance expressive of some passion, as malignity, amorousness, etc.; a sly or lecherous look.
  2. An arch or affected glance or cast of countenance.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English ler, leor (face, cheek), from Old English hlēor (face, cheek, profile), from Proto-Germanic *hleuzą (ear, cheek), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlews- (temple of the forehead, cheek), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlewe-, *ḱlew- (to hear). Cognate with Scots lire, lere (face, appearance, complexion), Dutch lier (cheek), Swedish lyra (pout), Norwegian lia (hillside), Icelandic hlýr (the face, cheek, countenance). Related to Old English hlyst (sense of hearing, listening) and hlysnan (to listen). More at list, listen.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

leer (plural leers)

  1. (obsolete) The cheek.
  2. (obsolete) The face.
  3. (obsolete) One's appearance; countenance.
  4. (obsolete) Complexion; hue; colour.
  5. (obsolete) Flesh; skin.
  6. (UK dialectal) The flank or loin.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English lere, from Old English ġelǣr, *lǣre (empty, void, empty-handed), from Proto-Germanic *lēziz, *lēzijaz (empty), from Proto-Indo-European *les- (to collect, pick). Cognate with Dutch laar (a clearing in the woods), German leer (empty). Related to Old English lesan (to gather, collect). More at lease.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

leer (comparative more leer, superlative most leer)

  1. (obsolete) Empty; unoccupied; clear.
    • 1591, John Harington, Orlando Furioso:
      The horse runs leere away without the man.
  2. (obsolete) Destitute; lacking; wanting.
  3. (obsolete) Faint from lack of food; hungry.
  4. (UK dialectal, obsolete) Thin; faint.
  5. (obsolete) Having no load or burden; free; without a rider.
  6. (obsolete) Lacking sense or seriousness; trifling; frivolous.
    leer words
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle English leren, from Old English lǣran (to teach, instruct, guide, enjoin, advise, persuade, urge, preach, hand down), from Proto-Germanic *laizijaną (to teach), from Proto-Indo-European *leis- (track, footprint, furrow, trace). Cognate with Dutch leren (to teach), German lehren (to teach), Swedish lära (to teach). Related to Old English lār (lore, learning, science, art of teaching, preaching, doctrine, study, precept, exhortation, advice, instigation, history, story, cunning). See lore.

Verb[edit]

leer (third-person singular simple present leers, present participle leering, simple past and past participle leered)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To teach.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To learn.

Etymology 5[edit]

See lehr.

Noun[edit]

leer (plural leers)

  1. Alternative form of lehr

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch leren, from Middle Dutch lêren, from Old Dutch lēren, from Proto-Germanic *laizijaną.

Verb[edit]

leer (present leer, present participle lerende, past participle geleer)

  1. To learn.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch leer, from Middle Dutch lêre, from Old Dutch lēra, from Proto-Germanic *laizō.

Noun[edit]

leer (uncountable)

  1. A teaching.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Dutch leer, from older leder, from Middle Dutch lēder, from Old Dutch *lether, from Proto-Germanic *leþrą.

Noun[edit]

leer (uncountable)

  1. leather

Etymology 4[edit]

From Dutch leer (dialectal synonym of ladder), from Middle Dutch leer.

Noun[edit]

leer (plural lere)

  1. A ladder.
Descendants[edit]
  • Sotho: lere
  • Xhosa: ileli

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

leer c

  1. indefinite plural of le

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Contraction of leder, from Middle Dutch leder, from Old Dutch *lether, fromProto-Germanic *leþrą.

Noun[edit]

leer n (uncountable)

  1. Leather.
    Synonym: leder
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch lêre, from Old Dutch lēra, from Proto-Germanic *laizō.

Noun[edit]

leer f (plural leren, diminutive leertje n)

  1. A doctrine.
  2. Theory, teachings.
  3. A field of learning; set of lessons and theory on a subject within a discipline.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Dutch leer, contraction of ledere.

Noun[edit]

leer f (plural leren)

  1. (dialectal, dated) Alternative form of ladder.
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

leer

  1. first-person singular present indicative of leren
  2. imperative of leren

Anagrams[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German leger, lager. Etymological twin of laager.

Noun[edit]

leer (genitive leeri, partitive leeri)

  1. A camp
  2. A side (in a conflict)
    Ta on vastaste leeris
    He's on the enemies' side.
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Low German lere (study, learning).

Noun[edit]

leer (genitive leeri, partitive leeri)

  1. A (protestant) confirmation into the faithful community.
Declension[edit]

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German lēr, lēre, lǣre, from Old High German lāri, from Proto-Germanic *lēziz. Cognate with Dutch laar, English leer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

leer (strong nominative masculine singular leerer, comparative leerer, superlative am leersten)

  1. empty
    Antonyms: voll, gefüllt

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

leer

  1. singular imperative of leeren
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of leeren

Further reading[edit]

  • leer” in Duden online
  • leer” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

leer

  1. present tense of lee

Pennsylvania German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German lǣre, from Old High German lāri. Compare German leer.

Adjective[edit]

leer

  1. empty

Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aēr, with the initial 'l' added from a preceding definite article.

Noun[edit]

leer m

  1. (Sutsilvan) air

Synonyms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran) aria
  • (Puter, Vallader) ajer

Spanish[edit]

Sense 1

Etymology[edit]

From Latin legere (to read, gather, choose), from Proto-Italic *legō, from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ-. Related with English legend, legible, lesson.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /leˈeɾ/, [leˈeɾ]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

leer (first-person singular present leo, first-person singular preterite leí, past participle leído)

  1. to read
    • [] y llegó a tanto su curiosidad y desatino en esto, que vendió muchas hanegas de tierra de sembradura para comprar libros de caballerías en que leer, y, así, llevó a su casa todos cuantos pudo haber dellos.
      [] to such a pitch did his eagerness and infatuation go that he sold many an acre of tillage land to buy books of chivalry to read, and brought home as many of them as he could get.
    Quiero leer el periódico.
    I want to read the newspaper.
    Léase también la Orden General núm. 8.
    Also read General Order No. 8.
    Synonym: (Belize) ridear

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]