syncope

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See also: syncopé

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Late Latin syncope, from Ancient Greek συγκοπή (sunkopḗ), from σύν (sún, beside, with) + κόπτω (kóptō, strike, cut off).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɪŋkəpi/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: syn‧co‧pe

Noun[edit]

syncope (countable and uncountable, plural syncopes)

  1. (linguistics, phonology, prosody) The loss or elision of a sound from the interior of a word, for example by changing cannot to can't, never to ne'er, or the pronunciation of the -cester ending in placenames as -ster (for example, Leicester pronounced Leister or Lester, and Worcester pronounced Wooster).
  2. (pathology) A loss of consciousness when someone faints, a swoon.
    • 1973 Patrick O'Brian, HMS Surprise
      the rapidly-whitening face, the miserable fixed smile, meant a syncope within the next few bars.
  3. (music) A missed beat or off-beat stress in music resulting in syncopation.

Usage notes[edit]

Usage in the form syncope, with the phonological meaning "contraction of a word by omission of middle sounds or letters" attested from the 1520's. Doublets of said syncope with the form syncopis and sincopin, both from the Old French sincopin (faintness) (itself from Late Latin accusative syncopen), with the pathological meaning "a loss of consciousness accompanied by a weak pulse", attested from the fifteenth century. Said syncopis/sincopin was "relatinized" to the form syncope in English in the sixteenth century, after the linguistic use of that word was already in use. The musical usage first occurs after the 1660's, following the musical usage of syncopation and syncopate.

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek συγκοπή (sunkopḗ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

syncope f (plural syncopes)

  1. syncope, fainting
  2. (phonetics) syncope
    Antonyms: aphérèse, apocope, procope
  3. (music) syncope

Further reading[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

syncope f (plural syncopes)

  1. Obsolete spelling of síncope (used in Portugal until September 1911 and died out in Brazil during the 1920s).