σύν

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Homeric and Old Attic ξύν (xún) and Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀱 (ku-su) are its supposed early forms. If not (with difficulty, since -υ- (-u-) < *-o- is expected, but -σ- (-s-) < *-s- and -σ- (-s-) < *-ξ- (*-x-) are not) from only Proto-Indo-European *som-, from *sem-, it might be composed of this and *ḱóm.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Preposition[edit]

σῠ́ν (sún) (governs the dative)

  1. beside, with

Usage notes[edit]

  • In compounds it has similar applications, including completeness, simultaneity.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: συν (syn)
  • Dutch: syn-
  • English: syn-, sym-
  • French: syn-
  • German: syn-
  • Italian: sin-, sim-

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beekes RSP · 2010 · Etymological dictionary of Greek: 1038 for analysis.