σύν

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Homeric and Early Attic ξύν (xún) and Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀱 (ku-su) are its supposed early form. If not, with difficulty ( -υ- < *-o- is expected, but -σ- < *-s- and -σ- < *-ξ- are not), from Proto-Indo-European *som-, from *sem-, it might be a composition of this and one other element. Alternatively, it may be a phonologic combination of *sem- with *ḱóm by combining the initial consonant sounds of these related stems.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Preposition[edit]

σῠ́ν (sún) (governs the dative)

  1. beside, with.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In compounds it has similar applications, including completeness.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ^ Beekes RSP · 2010 · Etymological dictionary of Greek: 1038 for analysis.