συν-

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ξυν- (xun-)old Attic
  • συ- (su-)before ζ (z) and before σ (s) plus consonant
  • συγ- (sug-)before the velar consonants γ, κ, ξ, χ (g, k, x, kh)
  • συλ- (sul-)before λ (l)
  • συμ- (sum-)before the labial consonants β, μ, π, φ (b, m, p, ph)
  • συρ- (sur-)before ρ (r)
  • συσ- (sus-)before σ (s) plus vowel

Etymology[edit]

Prefix version of the preposition σύν (sún, with).

Prefix[edit]

σῠν- (sun-)

  1. with, together, co-, syn-
  2. indicates completeness

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • συν- or σύν- before vowels, dental consontants and [n]
  • συ-, σύ- (sy-, sý-) before sibilants [s] (+consonant) and [z] and colloquially before [v, γ, δ, f, x, θ, ks, ps]
  • συγ-, σύγ- (syg-, sýg-) before the consonants κ, γ, χ (k, g, ch) pronounced /siŋ/
  • συλ-, σύλ- (syl-, sýl-) before [l] λ (l) pronounced /sil/ (only one [l])
  • συμ-, σύμ- (sym-, sým-) before the labial consonants [p, v, f, m] π, β, φ, μ (p, v, f, m)
  • συρ-, σύρ- (syr-, sýr-) before [r] ρ (r)
  • συσ-, σύσ- (sys-, sýs-) often before [s] σ (s)

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek σῠν- from preposition σύν (sún, with).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

συν- (syn-)

  1. with, together, co-, syn-
    συν- (syn-) + ‎αγωνίζομαι (agonízomai, strive) → ‎συναγωνίζομαι (synagonízomai, compete)
  2. indicates completeness
  3. indicates similarity

Derived terms[edit]

and

Category Greek words prefixed with συσ- not found

Further reading[edit]