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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English leren (to teach, instruct), from Old English lǣran (to teach, instruct, indoctrinate), from Proto-Germanic *laizijaną (to teach), from *laizō (lore, teaching", literally, "track, trace), from Proto-Indo-European *leyəs- (to track, furrow). Cognate with Scots lere, leir, Saterland Frisian leere, West Frisian leare, Dutch leren, German lehren, Swedish lära. See also lear, lore, learn.

Alternative forms[edit]


lere (third-person singular simple present leres, present participle lering, simple past and past participle lered)

  1. (obsolete or UK dialectal, Scotland) To teach; instruct; explain; inform.
    • 1988, John McKinnell, The Death, Assumption, & Coronation of the Virgin from the York Cycle, page 42:
      To lead them, and lere them the lore of our Lord.
    • 1992, David Mills, The Chester Mystery Cycle:
      For after great sorrow and siking thou hast me lent great liking, two sons my heart to glad — Cain and Abel, my children dear, whom I gat within thirty year after the time we deprived were of Paradise for our pride. Therefore now them I will lere, [...]
  2. (obsolete or UK dialectal, Scotland) To guide; lead.
  3. (obsolete or UK dialectal, Scotland) To learn; study.


lere (plural leres)

  1. (obsolete) Learning; lesson; lore.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English *lǣre, from Proto-Germanic *lēziz, *lēzijaz. Cognate with Dutch laar, German leer.


lere (comparative more lere, superlative most lere)

  1. (obsolete) Empty.






  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of leren