apprendre

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French apprendre, from Old French aprendre, aprandre, inherited from Latin apprendere, contracted form of apprehendere, present active infinitive of apprehendō. Doublet of appréhender, which was borrowed.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

apprendre

  1. to learn
    Grâce à vous, j'en apprends tous les jours. -Thanks to you, I learn every day.
  2. to teach
    Aujourd'hui je vais vous apprendre quelques mots hawaïens. -Today I am going to teach you some Hawaiian words.
    • 1837, Louis Viardot, L’Ingénieux Hidalgo Don Quichotte de la Manchefr.Wikisource, translation of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Volume I, Chapter II:
      À ces sottises, il en ajoutait cent autres, toutes à la manière de celles que ses livres lui avaient apprises, imitant de son mieux leur langage.
      To these foolish sayings, he added a hundred others, all in the manner of those that his books had taught him, imitating to the best of his ability their language.

Conjugation[edit]

This verb is conjugated on the model of prendre. That means it is quite irregular, with the following patterns:

  • In the infinitive, in the singular forms of the present indicative, and in the future and the conditional, it is conjugated like rendre, perdre, etc. (sometimes called the regular -re verbs).
  • In the plural forms of the present indicative and imperative, in the imperfect indicative, in the present subjunctive, and in the present participle, it is conjugated like appeler or jeter, using the stem apprenn- before mute ‘e’ and the stem appren- elsewhere.
  • In the past participle, and in the past historic and the imperfect subjunctive, its conjugation resembles that of mettre.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French aprendre, aprandre.

Verb[edit]

apprendre

  1. to learn

Descendants[edit]


Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French aprandre, aprendre, from Latin apprendere, variant of apprehendere, present active infinitive of apprehendō (grasp, understand, comprehend).

Verb[edit]

apprendre

  1. (Guernsey, Jersey) to learn
  2. (Jersey) to teach

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]