เรียน

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Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Khmer ren or Angkorian Old Khmer ryyan, ryyaṇ, ryyān, ryān (to apply the mind to: to study, drill, practice; to learn; to acquire knowledge). Cognate with Modern Khmer រៀន (riən); Lao ຮຽນ (hīan); ᦵᦣᧃ (hen).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic/Phonemicเรียน
e r ī y n
RomanizationPaiboonriian
Royal Instituterian
(standard) IPA(key)/ria̯n˧/
Audio

Verb[edit]

เรียน (riian) (abstract noun การเรียน)

  1. to learn; to study.
  2. (humble) to address, inform, notify, speak to, or tell (a person of equal or higher status).
  3. (humble) used as an expression of respect or conventional greeting when addressing a person of equal or higher status, as in a letter, speech, etc.

Usage notes[edit]

  • According to the style guide published by the Thai government in 2012, the term is applied to any commoners other than the holders of the following public positions of Thailand, to whom the term กราบเรียน is applied: (1) President of the Privy Council; (2) Prime Minister; (3) President of the National Assembly; (4) President of the House of Representatives; (5) President of the Senate; (6) President of the Supreme Court of Justice; (7) President of the Constitutional Court; (8) President of the Supreme Administrative Court; (9) President of the Election Commission; (10) President of the National Human Rights Commission; (11) President of the National Anti-Corruption Commission; (12) President of the State Audit Commission; (13) Chief Ombudsman; (14) Ombudsman; (15) Attorney General; (16) Stateman.
  • For gods, high priests, and royal persons, the terms ทูล (tuun), กราบทูล, and กราบบังคมทูล are used.

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

Adverb[edit]

เรียน (riian)

  1. (humble) used to prefix a verb for politeness when addressing a person of equal or higher status: kindly, humbly, respectfully, etc.