ficar

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Catalan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Vulgar Latin *fīg(i)cāre, frequentative based on Latin fīgere (drive in, fix in place).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ficar (first-person singular present fico, first-person singular preterite fiquí, past participle ficat)

  1. (transitive) to insert, to put in
    Synonyms: introduir, metre, posar
    Fica les coses dins aquella capsa.Put the things in that box.
  2. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to meddle, to interfere
    Synonym: entrar
    No t'hi fiquis si no t'ho demanen.Don't get involved if they don't ask you to.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese ficar, from Vulgar Latin *fīg(i)cāre, frequentative based on Latin fīgere (drive in, fix in place). Doublet of fincar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ficar (first-person singular present fico, first-person singular preterite fiquei, past participle ficado)

  1. (intransitive) to remain; to be left
    • 1281, M. Lucas Álvarez, P. Lucas Domínguez, editors, El priorato benedictino de San Vicenzo de Pombeiro y su colección diplomática en la Edad Media, Sada / A Coruña: Ediciós do Castro, page 76:
      Et depoys de uossa morte fique este casar sobredito a uosso fillo Lourenço et a una persona que uos nomeardes a uosso passamento
      And after your death, this said farmhouse will be left to your son Lourenzo and to a person that you'll appoint at the moment of your decease
    Synonym: quedar
  2. (transitive) to thrust, drive
    • c1350, Kevin M. Parker (ed.), Historia Troyana. Santiago: Instituto "Padre Sarmiento", page 104:
      Et cõ grande omjldade foy ficar os geollos ante o altar
      And with great humbleness he came before the altar and kneeled [lit. "he drove his knees"]
    Synonym: espetar
  3. (copulative) to become; to get; to end up
    Synonym: quedar

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ficar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • ficar” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • ficar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • ficar” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • ficar” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese ficar (also fincar), from Vulgar Latin *fīg(i)cāre, frequentative based on Latin fīgere (drive in, fix in place). Doublet of fincar.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
 

Verb[edit]

ficar (first-person singular present fico, first-person singular preterite fiquei, past participle ficado)

  1. (copulative) to become; to get; to end up
    Eu vou ficar rico.I’ll get rich.
    Ficamos com nojo daquela comida.We were disgusted by that food.
    Eu fiquei sem dinheiro.I ended up without any money.
  2. (transitive with em or another locational preposition) to be [in a fixed location]
    Synonyms: localizar, ser
    A casa dela fica na esquina desse quarteirão.Her house is on the corner of this block.
    Londres fica no sul da Inglaterra.London is in the south of England.
  3. (intransitive, or transitive with em) to stay (at); to remain
    Ela não quis vir, ficou em casa.She didn’t want to come, she stayed home.
    • 2000, J. K. Rowling, Lia Wyler, Harry Potter e o Cálice de Fogo, Rocco, page 514:
      E quantos serão bastante tolos para ficar longe de mim?
      And how many will be foolish enough to stay away from me?
  4. (intransitive) to remain (to be left over)
    Synonym: sobrar
    ficaram algumas migalhas.Only a few crumbs remained.
  5. (transitive with em) to stay (to remain in a particular place)
    Fiquei três dias em Munique.I stayed three days in Munich.
  6. (figurative, intransitive) not to go any further
    Synonym: parar
    A discussão fica por aqui.The discussion stops here.
  7. (auxiliary, followed by a verb in the gerund) forms the habitual aspect
    João fica lendo o dia inteiro.John keeps reading the whole day.
    Eu ficava falando besteira.I kept saying nonsense.
  8. (Brazil, slang, intransitive, or transitive with com) to engage in a romantic relationship with someone for one night or some short period of time

Conjugation[edit]

Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:ficar.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Spanish ficar (also fincar), from Vulgar Latin *fīg(i)cāre, frequentative based on Latin fīgere (drive in, fix in place). Doublet of hincar.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fiˈkaɾ/ [fiˈkaɾ]
  • Rhymes: -aɾ
  • Syllabification: fi‧car

Verb[edit]

ficar (first-person singular present fico, first-person singular preterite fiqué, past participle ficado)

  1. (obsolete, intransitive) to stay
    Synonym: quedar

Conjugation[edit]

Further reading[edit]