que

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

que (countable and uncountable, plural ques)

  1. (rare) The name of the Latin-script letter Q. Alternative form of cue.
    • 1820, John Borthwick Gilchrist, The Stranger's Infallible East-Indian Guide, London, page 163:
      having lost their own pees and ques, by some pitiful attempt in our alphabetical orchard
    • 2011, Elgin Dobbins, Thirty Seconds to Midnight, page 386:
      he was about to be interviewed by German television and he had to be on his pees and ques.
  2. (US, informal, rare) Clipping of barbeque.
    • 2009 December 25, Nick Cramer, in My "homemade" Italian meatball recipe - for Nick and Meir, in soc.culture.jewish.moderated, Usenet:
      Then about 1950 two German brothers who had a meat market began cooking BBQ in their market to use up left over meat. One got the idea to smoke a brisket as he was smoking sausage one weekend. He left it all weekend in his smokehouse and on Monday as they were serving their que, pork, sausage & chicken, he cut a slice []
    • 2010 September 22, Nanzi (username), in Re: Yoy guys are killing this group, in alt.food.barbecue, Usenet:
      Instead please join in the sharing of que methods and recipes, or questions.
    • 2011, Kathy Reichs, Spider Bones: A Novel →ISBN, page 57
      The back route I favor involves a long stretch on Highway 74 and brings me close enough to Lumberton for a barbeque detour. That was my target today. Being already in Lumberton, it only made sense to score some “que.”
  3. (South Asia) Alternative form of queue

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin quid, usurping the roles of quod.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

que

  1. that, what, which

Related terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin quem, accusative of quī.

Pronoun[edit]

que

  1. (relative) that, which
  2. (relative) that, who, whom
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin quid, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid, compare *kʷis.

Conjunction[edit]

que

  1. (relative) that
  2. (in comparisons) than
Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

que

  1. how; used to indicate surprise, delight and such.
    Que bonic és viure!
    How nice it is to live!

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Fala[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese que, from Latin quid (that), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid.

Conjunction[edit]

que

  1. that (connecting noun clause)
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 1: Lengua Española:
      I si “a patria do homi é sua lengua”, cumu idía Albert Camus, o que está claru é que a lengua está mui por encima de fronteiras, serras, rius i maris, de situaciós pulíticas i sociu-económicas, de lazus religiosus e inclusu familiaris.
      And if “a man’s homeland is his language”, as Albert Camus said, what is clear is that language is beyond borders, mountain ranges, rivers and seas, above political and socio-economic situations, of religious and even family ties.
  2. than (used in comparisons, to introduce the basis of comparison)
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 2: Númerus:
      Cumu to é cuestión de proporciós, sin que sirva de argumentu por nun fel falta, poemus vel que en a misma Europa hai Estaus Soberarius con menus territoriu que os tres lugaris nossus, cumu:
      As everything is a matter of proportions, without its presence being an argument, we can see that even in Europe there are Sovereign States with less territory than our three places, such as:

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin quid, usurping some of the roles of Latin quod.

Conjunction[edit]

que

  1. that (introduces a subordinate noun clause and connects it to its parent clause)
    • 2021, Zaz, Tout là-haut
      Si on s'en allait tout là-haut, si on prenait de la hauteur, tu verrais que le monde est beau, beau.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    Je vois que tu parles bien français.
    I see that you speak French well.
  2. Substitutes for another, previously stated conjunction.
    Si le temps est beau et que tout le monde est d'accord, nous mangerons en plein air.
    If the weather is nice and if everyone likes the idea, we'll eat outside.
  3. when, no sooner.
    Il était à peine parti qu’elle a téléphoné à la police.
    No sooner had he left when she called the police.
  4. Links two noun phrases in apposition forming a clause without a (finite) verb, such that the complement acts as predicate.
    • 1874, Barbey d'Aurevilly, ‘Le Bonheur dans le crime’, Les Diaboliques:
      —Quelle grande bête, avec tout son esprit, que votre marquise, pour vous avoir dit pareille chose! — fit la duchesse  [].
      ‘What a beast your marquise is, for all her spirit, for having told you such a thing!’ said the duchess.
    • 1918, Jean Giradoux, Simon le pathétique:
      Quelle belle fleur que la rose! dit-elle soudain, alors qu'aucune rose n'était en vue […].
      ‘What a beautiful flower the rose is!’ she said suddenly, though no rose was in sight.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Unlike its English counterpart, que (sense 1) cannot be omitted in Standard French.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin quam.

Conjunction[edit]

que

  1. than (introduces a comparison)
    Il est plus grand que son père.
    He is taller than his father.
  2. (used with ne) nothing but, only
    Je ne mange que des fruits.
    I eat nothing but fruit.
    c. 1656–1662, Blaise Pascal, “Dossier de travail - Fragment n° 19 / 35”, in Pensées [Thoughts]‎[1]:
    Nous souhaitons la vérité et ne trouvons en nous qu’incertitude. Nous recherchons le bonheur et ne trouvons que misère et mort.
    We hope for truth and find in ourselves nothing but uncertainty. We search again for happiness and find only misery and death.
  3. as
    Elle est aussi intelligente que toi.
    She is as smart as you.
  4. how (in rhetorical interjections)
    Que c'est beau!
    How beautiful it is!
Usage notes[edit]
  • Though it may look like a negative structure, the construction ne...que, is not a true negative. The partitive article is used after it and does not change into de as with other negatives.
  • When using ne...que, ne precedes the verb and que normally precedes what it's restricting:
    Il ne mange les pâtes que le samediHe eats pasta only on Saturday [not other days]
    Il ne mange que les pâtes le samediHe eats only pasta on Saturday [and nothing else]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin quid, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid, compare *kʷis. Doublet of quoi 'what', the tonic/emphasized counterpart, hence diphthongized.

Pronoun[edit]

que m (interrogative)

  1. (slightly formal, accusative) The inanimate direct-object interrogative pronoun.
    • 2014, Indila, Égo
      Qu’a-t-on fait de la vérité ?
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    Que pensez-vous de cette peinture ?
    What do you think of that painting?
    Qu'auriez-vous fait d'autre ?
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  2. (slightly formal, nominative) The inanimate subject or predicative interrogative pronoun.
    Qu'est-il arrivé ?What happened?
    Que me vaut cette visite ?To what do I owe this visit?
    Que sommes-nous ?What are we?
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Latin quem, accusative of qui.

Pronoun[edit]

que m or f

  1. (accusative, relative) The direct object relative pronoun.
    C'est un homme que je connais très bien.
    He's a man whom I know very well.
    Je viens de lire la lettre que vous m'avez envoyée.
    I've just read the letter that you sent me.
See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese que, from Latin quid.

Conjunction[edit]

que

  1. that

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin quid.

Adjective[edit]

que

  1. what; which (interrogative only)
    ¿Que camisa queres?Which shirt do you want?

Adverb[edit]

que

  1. how; what (comparative)
    que lástimahow sad
  2. used to express an adjective; how [mostly not translated]
    que feo¡[how] ugly!
    que alto¡[how] tall!
    que bonito¡[how] cool!

Pronoun[edit]

que

  1. what (interrogative only)
    ¿Que ves?What do you see?
  2. that, which

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

que f (plural ques)

  1. Name of the letter q.

Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

que (plural que-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter Q/q.

See also[edit]


Indo-Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese que, from Old Portuguese que, from Latin quid (what), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid.

Pronoun[edit]

que

  1. that; which
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      [] , que da-cá su quião que ta pertencê a êll.
      [] , to give him his share which belongs to him.

Interlingua[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

que

  1. that

Pronoun[edit]

que

  1. what (interrogative)
    Que tu prefere?What do you prefer?

Derived terms[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

que

  1. Nonstandard spelling of quē.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of qué.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of què.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin quia.

Conjunction[edit]

que

  1. that

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin quid.

Pronoun[edit]

que

  1. what
    • 1488, Jean Dupré, Lancelot du Lac, page 61:
      si en fut tant dolent qu'il ne sçavoit que dire
      then he was so sad that he didn't know what to say
Descendants[edit]
  • French: que

Occitan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin quem, accusative of quī.

Pronoun[edit]

que

  1. (relative) that, which
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin quid, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid, compare *kʷis.

Conjunction[edit]

que

  1. (relative) that
  2. (in comparisons) than

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin quid, quis.

Pronoun[edit]

que

  1. (interrogative) what, who
  2. (indefinite) (that) which

Conjunction[edit]

que

  1. that

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: que

Old Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin quid, quis.

Pronoun[edit]

que

  1. (interrogative) what, who
  2. (indefinite) (that) which

Descendants[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

que

  1. that

Old Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • , (abbreviation, in manuscripts)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin quid (what), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid.

Conjunction[edit]

que

  1. that (introduces a connecting clause)

Descendants[edit]

  • Fala: que
  • Galician: que
  • Portuguese: que
    • Indo-Portuguese: que

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • q (abbreviation)
  • (abbreviation, obsolete)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese que, from Latin quid (what) (usurping as well the roles of Latin quod), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid, compare *kʷis. Cognate with English who.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

que

  1. that (connecting noun clause)
  2. that (introducing the result of the main clause)
    Está tão frio que os canos congelaram.
    It is so cold that the pipes froze
  3. than (used in comparisons, to introduce the basis of comparison)
    O inverno é mais frio que o verão.
    Winter is colder than summer.
  4. (only in subordinate clauses) seeing as; since; for; because (introduces explanatory clause).
    Espere um pouco que a chuva já vai parar.
    Wait a little: for the rain is about to stop.
    • 1878, Machado de Assis, O Machete (short story):
      Nas horas de lazer, tratava Inácio do querido instrumento e fazia vibrar todas as cordas do coração, derramando as suas harmonias interiores, e fazendo chorar a boa velha de melancolia e gosto, que ambos estes sentimentos lhe inspirava a música do filho.
      In his times of leisure, Inácio took care of the loved instrument and made all heartstrings vibrate, outpouring his inner harmonies, and making the good old woman cry with melancholy and pleasure: for both these feelings the son’s music inspired in her.
  5. (only in subordinate clauses) and (indicating the consequences of an action, often threateningly)
    Quebre as regras que você será punido.
    Break the rules and you will be arrested.
  6. short for porque ("because")
    Levantem os pés, que eu vou esfregar o chão.
    Raise your feet, cause I am going to scrub the floor.

Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:que.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

que

  1. (interrogative) what (used to ask for a specification)
    Que livro é esse?
    What book is this?
  2. (relative) which; that; who (of those mentioned)
    Li uma notícia que era muito desagradável.
    I read news that was very unpleasant.
  3. (indefinite) what thing
  4. what a (preceding nouns); how (preceding adjectives) (indicates surprise, delight, or other strong feelings)
    Que jogador!
    What a player!
    Que belo!
    How beautiful!

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin quid (what), but usurping all the roles of Latin quod. Cognate with English who.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

que

  1. that
    Él dice que está triste.
    He says that he/she is sad.
  2. than
    Llego más tarde que tú.
    I am arriving later than you.
  3. indicating a reason, roughly because
    ¡Ve más lento, que es resbaloso!
    Slow down, (because) it is slippery!
  4. indicating desire or permission (used with the subjunctive)
    Que te vaya bien
    good luck to you.
    Que Dios me perdone
    may God forgive me.

Pronoun[edit]

que

  1. who; that
    la estrella que está en la película
    the star who is in the movie
    Synonym: (Internet slang, text messaging) q
  2. that; whom
    la mujer con la que yo hablé
    the woman with whom I spoke
  3. that; which
    la casa que yo quiero
    the house that I want

Preposition[edit]

que

  1. than
  2. like, as

Particle[edit]

que

  1. to

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • q (Internet slang, text messaging)

Further reading[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *k-vɛː; cognate with Muong que and Tho [Cuối Chăm] kʰwɛː¹.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(classifier cái, cây) que (𣠗, 𢹾)

  1. small stick