adversus

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • adv. (abbreviation)

Etymology[edit]

Perfect passive participle of advertō (I turn toward).

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

adversus m (feminine adversa, neuter adversum); first/second declension

  1. set opposite, adverse, having been set against.
    Ne Hercules quidem adversus duos.
    Not even Hercules fights against two.
  2. turned toward, having been turned toward.
  3. hostile
    • (Can we date this quote?) Publius Cornelius Tacitus, De origine et situ Germanorum, capitulum II:
      …et inmensus ultra utque sic dixerim adversus Oceanus raris ab orbe nostro navibus aditur.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Declension[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative adversus adversa adversum adversī adversae adversa
genitive adversī adversae adversī adversōrum adversārum adversōrum
dative adversō adversō adversīs
accusative adversum adversam adversum adversōs adversās adversa
ablative adversō adversā adversō adversīs
vocative adverse adversa adversum adversī adversae adversa

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • adversus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • adversus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “adversus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • adversus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • misfortune, adversity: res adversae, afflictae, perditae
    • (ambiguous) against the stream; upstream: flumine adverso
    • (ambiguous) to have favourable, contrary, winds: ventis secundis, adversis uti
    • (ambiguous) misfortune, adversity: fortuna adversa
    • (ambiguous) to struggle with adversity: conflictari (cum) adversa fortuna
    • (ambiguous) to attack the enemy in the front: adversis hostibus occurrere
    • (ambiguous) wounds (scars) on the breast: vulnera (cicatrices) adversa (opp. aversa)
    • (ambiguous) wounds (scars) on the breast: vulnera adverso corpore accepta