aversus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perfect passive participle of āvertō (I turn away, shun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

āversus (feminine āversa, neuter āversum, superlative āversissimus); first/second-declension adjective

  1. turned or facing away
  2. (relational) rear
  3. averse
  4. hostile

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative āversus āversa āversum āversī āversae āversa
Genitive āversī āversae āversī āversōrum āversārum āversōrum
Dative āversō āversō āversīs
Accusative āversum āversam āversum āversōs āversās āversa
Ablative āversō āversā āversō āversīs
Vocative āverse āversa āversum āversī āversae āversa

Descendants[edit]

  • Galician: aveso
  • Portuguese: avesso
  • Spanish: avieso

References[edit]

  • aversus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aversus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aversus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to look favourably upon; to support: propenso animo, studio esse or propensa voluntate esse in aliquem (opp. averso animo esse ab aliquo)
    • to be averse to truth: a vero aversum esse (Catil. 3. 1. 29)
    • to have an inclination for a thing: propensum, proclivem esse ad aliquid (opp. alienum, aversum esse, abhorrere ab aliqua re)
    • to change one's route and march towards..: averso itinere contendere in...
    • to attack the enemy in the rear: aversos hostes aggredi
    • to surround the enemy from the rear: circumvenire hostem aversum or a tergo (B. G. 2. 26)
    • wounds (scars) on the breast: vulnera (cicatrices) adversa (opp. aversa)