bod

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See also: BOD, Bod, böd, and bød

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of body. The "person" sense may alternatively derive from Scottish Gaelic bodach ‎(old man) via Scots.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bod ‎(plural bods)

  1. (slang) The body.
    Fred likes to keep his bod in shape.
  2. (slang) A person.
    George was a bit of an odd bod.
    • 2005, Richard Templar, The Rules of Management (page 73)
      There were cameras covering car parks, offices, corridors and storage areas in the basement. Result. The security bods started watching as if their lives depended on it.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chambers 21st Century Dictionary, "bod (noun)"

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bodъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bod m

  1. (geometry) point
  2. (temperature) point
  3. item (of an agenda)
  4. (sports) point, mark
  5. stab
    • 1866, Josef Bojislav Pichl (translator), Don Quijote de la Mancha[1], Praha: I. L. Kober, translation of original by Miguel de Cervantes, page 34:
      Na moutě duchu! zvolal po těch slovích Sancho; ať nedím tři tisíce šlehů, ale ani tři si nedám, jako nedal bych si tři body dýkou.
      "By all that's good," exclaimed Sancho at this, "I'll just as soon give myself three stabs with a dagger as three, not to say three thousand, lashes.
Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]

  • bod in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • bod in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse búð.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bod c (singular definite boden, plural indefinite boder)

  1. booth, stall
  2. shop
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse bót.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /boːd/, [b̥oːˀð], [b̥oðˀ]

Noun[edit]

bod c (singular definite boden, not used in plural form)

  1. fine
  2. penance

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰewdʰ-

From Middle Dutch bot, from Old Dutch *bot, from Proto-Germanic *budą. Cognate with Old High German bot, Old English bod, Old Norse boð (Swedish bud).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bod n ‎(plural boden, diminutive bodje n)

  1. order
  2. offer

Derived terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish bot ‎(tail; membrum virile), from Proto-Celtic *buzdos ‎(tail, penis), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *gwosdʰos ‎(piece of wood).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bod m ‎(genitive singular boid, nominative plural boid)

  1. (anatomy) penis
  2. (archaic) churl, boor, lout

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bod bhod mbod
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Polish[edit]

Noun[edit]

bod m inan

  1. baud

Declension[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish bot ‎(tail; membrum virile), from Proto-Celtic *buzdos ‎(tail, penis), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *gwosdʰos ‎(piece of wood).

Noun[edit]

bod m

  1. (anatomy) penis

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bodъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bȏd m (Cyrillic spelling бо̑д)

  1. sting (with a needle or a sharp object)
  2. (embroidery, knitting) stitch
  3. (sports) point
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from English baud.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bȏd m (Cyrillic spelling бо̑д)

  1. baud
Declension[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish boþ, from Old Norse bóð (Compare Old West Norse búð.

Noun[edit]

bod c

  1. a shed, a shack, a small building
  2. a shop, a boutique

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from German Brot, English bread and Dutch brood.

Noun[edit]

bod ‎(plural bods)

  1. bread

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Welsh bot, from Proto-Celtic *butā, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- ‎(to be, become).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bod ‎(highly irregular)

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Bod is the primary auxiliary verb in Welsh, used to form a great number of tenses; see Appendix:Welsh conjugation.
  • The two conditional tenses can be opted between freely.
  • The preterite is relatively rare and mostly interchangeable with the imperfect.
  • In the tenses given here, all forms of bod must be linked to a noun or verb with yn, wedi, or some other similar particle.

Derived terms[edit]

Conjunctive use[edit]

Introducing a subordinate clause

  1. that... is, that... are, etc. (personal forms: (fy) mod i, (dy) fod di, (ei) fod e/o, (ei) bod hi, (ein) bod ni, (eich) bod chi, (eu) bod nhw)
    Dw i’n meddwl (ei) bod hi’n ddoniol. ― I think that she’s funny.
    Mae hi’n meddwl (fy) mod i’n dod. ― She thinks that I’m coming.
    Roedd Eleri yn dweud (dy) fod di’n sâl. ― Eleri was saying you’re ill.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Bod introduces a subordinate clause only when the corresponding main clause would begin with a form of bod (the verb ‘to be’) in the present or imperfect tense.
  • Nouns are preceded with bod, or fod if the preceding verb is conjugated.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bod fod mod unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.