lout

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /laʊt/
  • (Canada) IPA(key): /lʌʊt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aʊt

Etymology 1[edit]

Of dialectal origin, likely from Middle English louten (to bow, bend low, stoop over) from Old English lutian from Proto-Germanic *lutōną. Cognate with Old Norse lútr (stooping), Gothic 𐌻𐌿𐍄𐍉𐌽 (lutōn, to deceive). Non-Germanic cognates are probably Old Church Slavonic лоудити (luditi, to deceive)[1], Serbo-Croatian lud and Albanian lut (to beg, pray).

Noun[edit]

lout (plural louts)

  1. A troublemaker, often violent; a rude violent person; a yob.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:troublemaker
    • 1906, Stanley J[ohn] Weyman, “The Dissolution”, in Chippinge Borough, New York, N.Y.: McClure, Phillips & Co., OCLC 580270828, page 6:
      But the lout looked only to his market, and was not easily repulsed. “He’s there, I tell you,” he persisted. “And for threepence I’ll get you to see him. Come on, your honour! It’s many a Westminster election I’ve seen, and beer running, from Mr. Fox, [] when maybe it’s your honour’s going to stand! Anyway, it’s, Down with the mongers!”
    • 1934 October, George Orwell [pseudonym; Eric Arthur Blair], chapter 5, in Burmese Days, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, Publishers, OCLC 1810828:
      You see louts fresh from school kicking grey-haired servants.
  2. A clownish, awkward fellow; a bumpkin.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:bumpkin
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

lout (third-person singular simple present louts, present participle louting, simple past and past participle louted)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To treat as a lout or fool; to neglect; to disappoint.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English louten, from Old English lūtan, from Proto-Germanic *lūtaną. Cognate with Old Norse lúta, Danish lude (to bend), Norwegian lute (stoop), Swedish luta.

Verb[edit]

lout (third-person singular simple present louts, present participle louting, simple past and past participle louted)

  1. (intransitive, archaic) To bend, bow, stoop.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2022), “lout”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Anagrams[edit]