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- A voluntary self-imposed punishment for a sinful act or wrongdoing. It may be intended to serve as reparation for the act.
- A sacrament in some Christian churches.
- Any instrument of self-punishment.
- (obsolete) repentance
- (obsolete) pain; sorrow; suffering
voluntary self-imposed punishment
sacrament in some churches
- pain; sorrow; suffering
- c. 1380s, [Geoffrey Chaucer; William Caxton, editor], The Double Sorow of Troylus to Telle Kyng Pryamus Sone of Troye [...] [Troilus and Criseyde], [Westminster]: Explicit per Caxton, published 1482, OCLC 863541017; republished in [William Thynne], editor, The Workes of Geffray Chaucer Newlye Printed, […], book IV, [London]: […] [Richard Grafton for] Iohn Reynes […], 1542, OCLC 932884868:
- ne Joy nor penance he feeleth none.