atonement

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from atone +‎ -ment as translation of Medieval Latin adūnāmentum[1]; however, the noun is found earlier than the verb (atone); and in this light, the proper etymology is at +‎ onement.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /əˈtoʊnmənt/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

atonement (countable and uncountable, plural atonements)

  1. Making amends to restore a damaged relationship; expiation.
    • 1711 March 20 (Gregorian calendar), Joseph Addison; Richard Steele, “FRIDAY, March 9, 1710–1711”, in The Spectator, number 8; republished in Alexander Chalmers, editor, The Spectator; a New Edition, [], volume I, New York, N.Y.: D[aniel] Appleton & Company, 1853, OCLC 191120697:
      When a man has been guilty of any vice, the best atonement he can make for it is, to warn others.
    • 1697-1698, John Potter, Archaeologia Graeca
      The Phocians behaved themselves with so much gallantry, that they were thought to have made a sufficient atonement for their former offense.
  2. (theology, often with capitalized initial) The reconciliation of God and mankind through the death of Jesus.
  3. (archaic) Reconciliation; restoration of friendly relations; concord.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Atonement”, in Dictionary.com[1], 2017-01-02