From Middle English reconciliacioun (“act of reconciling; state of accord or harmony;”) [and other forms], from Anglo-Norman reconciliaciun, reconsiliacion, reconsiliaciun, and Middle French reconciliation, reconsiliacion, reconsiliation (“act of reconciling; result of this act; act of bringing about agreement or harmony; reconsecration of a desecrated place”) (modern French réconciliation), and from their etymon Latin reconciliātiō (“reinstatement, renewal, restoration; reconciliation”) (compare Late Latin reconciliātiō (“reconciliation; reconsecration of a desecrated place”), from reconciliāre + -iō (suffix forming abstract nouns from verbs). Reconciliāre is the present active infinitive of reconciliō (“to bring together again, conciliate, reconcile, reunite; to bring back; to recover, re-establish, regain, restore, win back”), from re- (prefix meaning ‘again’) + conciliō (“bring together, unite; to gain; to win over; to recommend; to procure, purchase”) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kelh₁- (“to call, cry, summon”)).
reconciliation (countable and uncountable, plural reconciliations)
- The re-establishment of friendly relations; conciliation, rapprochement.
- Synonyms: reconcilement, (noun) reconciling, (Britain, dialectal) saught
- Antonyms: irreconciliation, unreconciliation
He longed for reconciliation with his estranged father, but painful memories made him feel unready to do so.
- (accounting) The process of comparing and resolving apparent differences between sets of accounting records, or between accounting records and bank statements, receipts, etc.
- Religious senses.
- (Christianity) The end of estrangement between a human and God as a result of atonement.
- (Christianity) The reconsecration of a desecrated church or other holy site.
- (Christianity, chiefly Roman Catholicism) Admission of a person to membership of the church, or readmission after the person has previously left the church.
- (Roman Catholicism) Short for sacrament of reconciliation (“a sacrament (sacred ritual) also called confession, involving contrition by a person, confessing sins to a priest, penance performed by the person, and absolution granted by the priest”).
- (Australia, Canada) The process of systemically atoning for the crimes and broken promises that a nation has historically committed against indigenous people.
- Albanian: pajtim (sq) m
- Arabic: صُلْح (ar) m (ṣulḥ)
- Armenian: հաշտեցում (hy) (haštecʿum)
- Asturian: reconciliación f
- Belarusian: прымірэ́нне n (prymirénnje)
- Bulgarian: помирение (bg) n (pomirenie)
- Catalan: reconciliació f
- Mandarin: 和解 (zh) (héjiě)
- Czech: usmíření n
- Danish: forsoning c
- Dutch: verzoening (nl) f
- Finnish: sopiminen (fi), sovinnonteko
- French: réconciliation (fr) f, raccommodement (fr) m
- Galician: reconciliación (gl) f
- Georgian: შერიგება (šerigeba)
- German: Aussöhnung (de) f, Schlichtung (de) f, Versöhnung (de) f, Wiederaussöhnung f, Wiederversöhnung f
- Gothic: 𐌲𐌰𐍆𐍂𐌹𐌸𐍉𐌽𐍃 f (gafriþōns)
- Greek: καταλλαγή (el) (katallagí), συμφιλίωση (el) f (symfilíosi)
- Ancient: διαλλαγή f (diallagḗ), καταλλαγή f (katallagḗ), συμβίβασις f (sumbíbasis)
- Indonesian: rekonsiliasi (id), rujuk (id)
- Italian: ravvicinamento m
- Japanese: 和解 (ja) (わかい, wakai)
- Korean: 화해(和解) (ko) (hwahae)
- Macedonian: помирување n (pomiruvanje)
- Manx: aachaarjaghey m, aachaarjys m, aachoardail m
- Michif: mooshakahkinitoohk
- Ngazidja Comorian: suluhu class 9/10
- Bokmål: forsoning (no) m or f
- Nynorsk: forsoning f
- Polish: pogodzenie n, pojednanie (pl) n, porozumienie (pl) n, ugoda (pl) f, zgoda (pl) f
- Portuguese: reconciliação (pt) f, conciliação (pt) f
- Romanian: reconciliere (ro) f, împăcare (ro) f
- Russian: примире́ние (ru) n (primirénije), сближе́ние (ru) n (sbližénije)
- Cyrillic: помире́ње n
- Roman: pomirenje (sh) n
- Slovene: pobotanje n, sprava f
- Spanish: reconciliación (es) f
- Swahili: suluhu (sw) class 9/10
- Swedish: försoning (sv) c
- Ukrainian: прими́рення n (prymýrennja)
- Urdu: مفاہمت f (mufāhimat)
- Vietnamese: hoà giải (vi) (和解)
process of comparing and resolving apparent differences between accounting records
end of estrangement between a human and God
reconsecration of a desecrated church or other holy site
admission or readmission of a person to membership of the church
- ^ “reconciliāciǒun, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “reconciliation, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, June 2009; “reconciliation, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.