bogie

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

A bogie (sense 1) or flatbed trolley used to transport luggage at a railway station in Somerset, England, UK.
A French metro car, showing one of its two bogies (sense 2).
A bogie (sense 2) on a Finnish hopper wagon.

Etymology 1[edit]

A dialectal word from Northern England of unknown origin which is unrelated to bogey (hostile supernatural creature; terrifying thing, bugbear).[1][2]

Noun[edit]

bogie (plural bogies)

  1. (Northern England) A low, hand-operated truck, generally with four wheels, used for transporting objects or for riding on as a toy; a trolley. [from 19th c.]
  2. (Australia, Britain, Canada, New Zealand, by extension, rail transport, also attributively) One of two sets of wheels under a locomotive or railcar; also, a structure with axles and wheels under a locomotive, railcar, or semi which provides support and reduces vibration for the vehicle.
    Synonym: (US) railroad truck
    • 1883 April 13, “Abstracts of Specifications Published during the Week Ending November 24, 1883”, in W[illiam] H[enry] Maw and J[ames] Dredge [Jr.], editors, Engineering: An Illustrated Weekly Journal, volume XXXVI, London: Offices for advertisements and publication, 35 & 36, Bedford Street, Strand, W.C., published 30 November 1883, ISSN 0013-7782, OCLC 741850108, page 507, column 2:
      1878. Bogie Trucks for Railway Locomotives, &c.: [...] Fig. 1 is a cross section and Fig. 2 a section plan of a bogie. A curved casting a is fixed to the engine and a wrought-iron beam or beams b are connected to the bogie frames by links c fitted with or without springs d.
    • 1889, J[ames] A[rthur] Lees; W[alter] J. Clutterbuck, “The C.P.R. [Canadian Pacific Railway]”, in B.C. 1887: A Ramble in British Columbia, new edition, London; New York, N.Y.: Longmans, Green, and Co., OCLC 936759460, pages 57–58:
      The soil all along this portion of the route is so elastic and the line so straight and level that the train goes humming along without jar or vibration, and the sensation in these cars, with their six-wheeled bogies and well arranged springs, is more like what one imagines flying to be than a mere matter-of-fact railway journey.
    • 1908 May 1, “Miscellanea”, in W[illiam] H[enry] Maw and B. Alfred Raworth, editors, Engineering: An Illustrated Weekly Journal, volume LXXXV, London: Offices for advertisements and publication—35 & 36, Bedford Street, Strand, W.C., ISSN 0013-7782, OCLC 741850108, page 585, column 3:
      An empty train was by mistake sent into the rear of an ordinary train standing at the station Rathausbrücke. The two colliding car-ends were damaged and the bogie of the standing train was lifted off the supporting rail so that its wheels settled by the side of the rail. Neither train fell, however, and nobody was seriously hurt.
  3. (aviation, by extension) A set of wheels attached to one of an aircraft's landing gear, or the structure connecting the wheels in one such set.
    Although most A320s have two wheels on each of their main gear, a few built for the Indian market have four-wheel bogies, halving the amount of weight on each wheel and allowing the aircraft to use runways that couldn't withstand the ground pressure from a standard A320.
  4. (Britain, dated, India, rail transport) A railway carriage.
    • 1917 October 12, “Company Meetings. [Assam Railways and Trading.]”, in The Near East: A Weekly Review of Oriental Politics, Literature, Finance, and Commerce, volume XIII, number 336, London: The Near East Editorial and Publishing Offices, OCLC 12545683, page 479, column 3:
      The bogie coaches which he spoke of last year had been brought or were being brought into active service, but they had no further wagon stock available.
    • 1959 April, P. Ransome-Wallis, “The Southern in Trouble on the Kent Coast”, in Trains Illustrated, London: Ian Allan Publishing, ISSN 0141-9935, OCLC 35845948, page 220:
      Although we took our eight bogies along to Whitstable at 60 m.p.h., and made a clean start from there, after Herne Bay the engine primed badly on Blacksole Bank and nearly stopped before we got over the top. Then we ran like the wind across the marshes with half-regulator, 30 per cent cut-off, and the engine blowing off.
    • 1979 August, Michael Harris, “A line for all reasons: the North Yorkshire Moors Railway”, in Railway World, page 415:
      Hard work is required from men and machines as I was to experience later when footplating Lambton No 5 on five bogies battling its way up Newtondale.
    • 2003 September, Jhumpa Lahiri, chapter 1, in The Namesake, New York, N.Y.: Mariner Books, published 2004, →ISBN, page 17:
      [...] Ashoke was still reading at two-thirty in the morning, one of the few passengers on the train who was awake, when the locomotive engine and seven bogies derailed from the broad-gauge line. The first four bogies capsized into a depression alongside the track.

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

A bogie or marijuana cigarette.

Possibly from bogart (to selfishly take or keep something, to hog; especially to hold a joint (marijuana cigarette) dangling between the lips instead of passing it on) +‎ -ie (suffix forming colloquial nouns). Bogart is derived from the surname of the American actor Humphrey Bogart (1899–1957), who was frequently shown smoking (tobacco) cigarettes in his films. The verb was popularized by its use in the song “Don’t Bogart Me” (1968) by the rock group Fraternity of Man which appeared in the soundtrack of the film Easy Rider (1969); the song has the lines “Don’t bogart that joint my friend. / Pass it over to me.”[3]

Noun[edit]

bogie (plural bogies)

  1. (chiefly US, slang) A marijuana cigarette; a joint.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:marijuana cigarette
    • [2002 November, Alonzo Westbrook, “bogies”, in Hip Hoptionary: The Dictionary of Hip Hop Terminology (Harlem Moon), New York, N.Y.: Broadway Books, →ISBN, page 15:
      bogies: marijuana cigarettes.]
    • 2008, Eric James, “Suburbia Life”, in Shades of the Moon: Brawls before Laws, [Bloomington, Ind.]: Xlibris, →ISBN, page 53:
      We normally dropped off at Shooters Billiards where we'd play pool and arcades, but sometimes left to do other shit. Shooters was a good lie to our parents when we came home smelling like smoke, because people smoked in the place, so we'd get away with smoking bogies or weed.
    • 2019, Joseph Anthony Torres, The World of Koolassjoe[1], New York, N.Y.: Koolassjoe Entertainment/USZ United, →ISBN:
      If i was the hulk i would smash you bite you like a cashew, then i smoke a bogie if i have to
    • 2020 August 19, Levi John Gladstone, chapter 7, in The Royal Family[2], [Bloomington, Ind.]: Xlibris, →ISBN:
      I ain't got no trees for sale but I got some personal shit for me. Ima fuck with you 'cause you seem like an a'ight nigga. You smoke bogies?
Alternative forms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

A variant of bogey.

Noun[edit]

bogie (plural bogies)

  1. Alternative spelling of bogey
    1. A ghost, goblin, or other hostile supernatural creature.
      • 1886, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, H.L. Brækstad, transl., Folk and Fairy Tales, page 47:
        All of a sudden he heard a terrible scream ahead, and he thought it must be the bogie singing his dirge.
    2. A standard of performance set up as a mark to be aimed at in competition.
    3. (aviation, military, slang) An unidentified aircraft, especially as observed as a spot on a radar screen and suspected to be hostile.
    4. (golf) A score of one over par on a hole.
    5. (Britain, colloquial) A piece of dried mucus in or removed from the nostril.

References[edit]

  1. ^ bogie, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1887; “bogie, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  2. ^ “BOGIE, sb.3” in Joseph Wright, editor, The English Dialect Dictionary: [], volume I (A–C), London: Published by Henry Frowde, [], publisher to the English Dialect Society, []; New York, N.Y.: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1898, →OCLC, page 327, column 2.
  3. ^ bogart, v.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, June 2005; “bogart, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Further reading[edit]