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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Inherited from Proto-Balto-Slavic *bā́ˀbāˀ, from nursery language.


*bàba f[1][2][3][4][5]

  1. grandmother
    Synonyms: *babъka, *babica, *ova
  2. old woman
    Synonyms: *babъka, *babica
    1. (figuratively) various objects used for hammering in, inserting, plugging
    2. (figuratively) various objects used as a base, support (like a backrest)
    3. (figuratively) various objects used for linking, connecting, binding together
    4. (figuratively) various small, worthless items
    5. (figuratively) heap of hay, grain; sheaf
    6. babka (a type of ceremonial bread)
      Synonyms: *babъka, *babica
    7. (figuratively) names of various species of mushrooms
    8. (possibly) great white pelican (any bird of the genus Pelecanus onocrotalus)
  3. woman
    Synonyms: *babъka, *babica, *žena
  4. midwife
    Synonyms: *babъka, *babica
  5. sorceress, witch, hex
    Synonyms: *vědьma, *čarovьnica
    *baba ęgaBaba Yaga
    *ęga babaBaba Yaga
    1. (figuratively) names of various butterflies
    2. (figuratively) names of various plants
  6. (North Slavic, astronomy, in the plural) Pleiades (star cluster)
    Synonym: *babъky


Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]



See also[edit]


  1. ^ Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1974), “*baba”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological Dictionary of Slavic Languages] (in Russian), issue 1 (*a – *besědьlivъ), Moscow: Nauka, page 105
  2. ^ Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1974), “*baba”, in Słownik prasłowiański [Proto-Slavic Dictionary] (in Polish), volume 1 (a – bьzděti), Wrocław: National Ossoliński Institute, page 169
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bàba”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 32: “f. ā (a) ‘old woman’”
  4. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “baba -y”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “a (SA 22, 69, 166, 199; PR 132; MP 17; RPT 110)”
  5. ^ Dybo, Vladimir A.; Zamyatina, Galina I.; Nikolaev, Sergei L. (1990) Основы славянской акцентологии [Fundamentals of Slavic Accentology]‎[1] (in Russian), volume 1, Moscow: Nauka, →ISBN, page 42

Further reading[edit]