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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European *ei, an early locative singular determiner, formed from the root *h₁e-, *h₁o-. Compare Greek εἰ (eἰ, if), Gothic 𐌴𐌹 (ei, and, so that, be it). Follows from ablative Proto-Indo-European *ed.



  1. and


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: и (i)
    • Belarusian: і (i)
    • Russian: и (i)
    • Ukrainian: і (i)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Cyrillic: и (i)
      Glagolitic: (I)
    • Bulgarian: и (i)
    • Macedonian: и (i)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: и
      Latin: i
    • Slovene: in
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: i
    • Polish: i
    • Kashubian: ë
    • Slovak: i


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*i”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 207: “conj. ‘and’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “i”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “and (PR 146)”