toe

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See also: TOE, toé, toʻe, to'e, toe-, and

English[edit]

Human toes
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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English to, from Old English , (Mercian) tāhe, from Proto-Germanic *taihwǭ (compare Dutch teen, German Zehe, Swedish ), from Proto-Germanic *tīhwaną(to show, announce) (compare Old English teōn(to accuse), German zeihen(to accuse, blame)), from Proto-Indo-European *deyḱ-(to show) (compare Hittite [script needed](tekkuššāi), Latin dīcere(to say), digitus(finger), Albanian thua(nail), accusative thoi, Ancient Greek δείκνυμι(deíknumi, to point out, show), Sanskrit दिदेष्टि(dídeṣṭi), दिशति(diśáti)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

toe ‎(plural toes)

  1. Each of the five digits on the end of the foot.
  2. An equivalent part in an animal.
  3. That part of a shoe or sock covering the toe.
  4. Something resembling a toe, especially at the bottom or extreme end of something.
    (golf) the extreme end of the head of a club.
    (cricket) the tip of the bat farthest from the handle
    (kayaking) the bow; the front of the kayak.
    (geology) a bulbous protrusion at the front of a lava flow or landslide.
  5. (dance) An advanced form of ballet primarily for the females, dancing ballet primarily using a Pointe shoe.
  6. An alignment of the wheels of a road vehicle with positive toe (or toe in) signifying that the wheels are closer together at the front than at the back and negative toe (or toe out) the opposite.
  7. (engineering) The journal, or pivot, at the lower end of a revolving shaft or spindle, which rests in a step.
  8. (engineering) A lateral projection at one end, or between the ends, of a piece, such as a rod or bolt, by means of which it is moved.
  9. (engineering) A projection from the periphery of a revolving piece, acting as a cam to lift another piece.
  10. (carpentry) The long side of an angled cut.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (an equivalent part in an animal): hoof

Antonyms[edit]

  • (each of the five digits on the end of the foot): heel
  • (front of the kayak): tail
  • (angled cut in carpentry): heel

Hyponyms[edit]

Holonyms[edit]

  • (each of the five digits on the end of the foot): foot

Meronyms[edit]

  • (each of the five digits on the end of the foot): nail

Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

  • (each of the five digits on the end of the foot): finger

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

toe ‎(third-person singular simple present toes, present participle toeing, simple past and past participle toed)

  1. To furnish with a toe.
  2. To touch, tap or kick with the toes.
    • 2010 December 29, Mark Vesty, “Wigan 2 - 2 Arsenal”, in BBC[1]:
      Just five minutes later the turnaround was complete when Arshavin toed the ball through to Bendtner, who slotted into the left corner from close range just before half-time.
  3. (transitive) To touch or reach with the toes; to come fully up to.
    to toe the mark
  4. (construction) To fasten (a piece) by driving a fastener at a near-45-degree angle through the side (of the piece) into the piece to which it is to be fastened.
    The framers toed the irregular pieces into the sill.
  5. (golf) To mishit a golf ball with the toe of the club.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch toe(then), a chiefly dialect variant of toen, from Middle Dutch doe. The -n in Dutch toen was added by analogy with dan(then).

Adverb[edit]

toe

  1. (referring to the past) then; at that time; at that moment
    Ek het toe nog nie lank in Pretoria gewoon nie.
    I hadn’t lived in Pretoria for long then.
See also[edit]
  • dan (“then” referring to the present and future)

Conjunction[edit]

toe

  1. (referring to the past) when; as
    Toe ek by my skoonouers kuier, het ons elke dag gebraaide vleis geëet.
    When I stayed at my in-laws’, we had fried meat every day.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Since “toe” by itself refers always to the past, it is often followed by the simple form of the verb (“present tense”) as in the example above, rather than the perfect. However, verbs that have a preterite use this form.
See also[edit]
  • wanneer (“when” referring to the present and future)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch toe, from Middle Dutch toe.

Postposition[edit]

toe

  1. (local) to
    Ons gaan skool toe.
    We’re going to school.
Usage notes[edit]
  • If an article, determiner, or adjective is to precede the noun, the preposition na must be used additionally:
Ons gaan na die nuwe skool toe.
We’re going to the new school.

Adverb[edit]

toe

  1. adverbial form of tot, found chiefly in compounds
  2. closed; shut; not open
    Die deur is toe.
    The door is closed.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch toe, from Old Dutch *tuo, from Proto-Germanic *tō.

Adverb[edit]

toe

  1. (postpositional) adverbial form of tot
    Het doet er niet toe.
    It doesn't matter.
  2. after, afterwards
    Hij kreeg nog wat lekkers toe.
    He got something tasty afterwards.
  3. shut, closed (especially as part of a compound verb like toedoen)
    De deur is toe.
    The door is closed.
    Doe de deur toe.
    Close the door.
    Oogjes toe.
    Eyes closed.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

toe

  1. come on!, go on! (used when trying to coax someone into doing something)
    Toe maar!

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *togeh, from a Baltic language, compare Lithuanian takišys, Latvian tacis.

Noun[edit]

toe

  1. (rare) A small dam, usually made of logs.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of toe (Kotus type 48/hame, k- gradation)
nominative toe tokeet
genitive tokeen tokeiden
tokeitten
partitive toetta tokeita
illative tokeeseen tokeisiin
tokeihin
singular plural
nominative toe tokeet
accusative nom. toe tokeet
gen. tokeen
genitive tokeen tokeiden
tokeitten
partitive toetta tokeita
inessive tokeessa tokeissa
elative tokeesta tokeista
illative tokeeseen tokeisiin
tokeihin
adessive tokeella tokeilla
ablative tokeelta tokeilta
allative tokeelle tokeille
essive tokeena tokeina
translative tokeeksi tokeiksi
instructive tokein
abessive tokeetta tokeitta
comitative tokeineen

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch tuo, from Proto-Germanic *tō.

Adverb[edit]

toe

  1. up to
  2. until
  3. in relation with
  4. in addition, furthermore
  5. shut, closed (especially the eyes)
Usage notes[edit]

This word is often encountered following a noun phrase and could arguably be said to be a postposition rather than an adverb.

Preposition[edit]

toe

  1. (eastern) Alternative form of te

Etymology 2[edit]

Adverb[edit]

toe

  1. Alternative form of doe