alles

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See also: allés

Cimbrian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German alles, allez, from Old High German allez, allaz, neuter form of al, all (all). Cognate with German alles, Dutch alles, West Frisian alles, Gothic 𐌰𐌻𐌻𐌰𐍄𐌰 (allata).

Pronoun[edit]

alles n (masculine allar, feminine alla, plural alle)

  1. (Sette Comuni, Luserna) all

References[edit]

  • “alla” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo
  • “alles” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch alles, genitive of al. The use as a case-neutral form may have been reinforced by German alles, from a merger of Middle High German alles (genitive) and allez (nominative and accusative). Note, however, that Dutch iets (something) and niets (nothing) are also genitives, as is German nichts. Moreover, the form alles is also used in western German dialects where it cannot go back to a nominative/accusative form, e.g. Luxembourgish alles.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑləs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: al‧les

Pronoun[edit]

alles

  1. (indefinite) Everything

Descendants[edit]

  • Jersey Dutch: ālles, âlles

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from ala.

Adverb[edit]

alles

  1. yet, not before, still, quite recently, already
    Kas alles ei parandatud seda?
    Wasn't it repaired quite recently?

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German alles, allez, from Old High German allez, allaz, neuter form of al, all (all), equivalent to all +‎ -es. Compare Low German allns (Allns), Dutch alles, West Frisian alles, Gothic 𐌰𐌻𐌻𐌰𐍄𐌰 (allata).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

alles n

  1. (indefinite) everything; all
    Alles ist gut.
    All is well.
  2. (indefinite, chiefly colloquial, appositional) all (as in "we all" etc.)
    Synonym: (more properly standard) alle
    Ihr seid alles Idioten.
    You're all idiots.
    Die Politiker haben alles keine Ahnung.
    The politicians all don’t have a clue.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The informal use with plurals is only possible when the pronoun does not immediately follow its referent. Thus Ihr seid alle(s) Idioten are both used, but in the case of direct postposition only Ihr alle seid Idioten is possible.

Derived terms[edit]

Determiner[edit]

alles

  1. form of all
    Alles Geld der Welt würde ich für dich geben.
    All the money in the world I'd give for you.
    Ich wünsche dir alles Gute.
    I wish you all the best.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • alles” in Duden online

Luxembourgish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈales/, [ˈɑləs]

Pronoun[edit]

alles

  1. everything

Middle Dutch[edit]

Determiner[edit]

alles

  1. masculine/neuter genitive singular of al

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From all +‎ -es (genitive/adverbial ending).

Adverb[edit]

alles

  1. totally; altogether
  2. all told; in all
  3. in some way; somehow; at all; after all

Usage notes[edit]

  • Also used as a weak emphatic.

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

alles

  1. genitive of alle

Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑl.les/, [ˈɑɫ.ɫes]

Pronoun[edit]

alles

  1. Alternative form of ealles

Old High German[edit]

Adverb[edit]

alles

  1. else
  2. thoroughly