palec

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Czech palec, from Proto-Slavic *pàlьcь.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpalɛt͡s]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

palec m inan (related adjective palcový, diminutive paleček or palček)

  1. thumb
  2. big toe
  3. inch
    Synonym: coul

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • palec in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • palec in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • palec in Internetová jazyková příručka

Anagrams[edit]

Masurian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish palec.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpalɛt͡s]
  • Syllabification: pa‧lec

Noun[edit]

palec m inan

  1. (anatomy) digit; finger; toe
  2. finger (part of a glove covering one's finger)
  3. pin serving as a plug
  4. tapered, pointed, often curved end of something

Further reading[edit]

  • Zofia Stamirowska (1987-2024) “palec”, in Anna Basara, editor, Słownik gwar Ostródzkiego, Warmii i Mazur[2], volume 6, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, →ISBN, pages 13-14

Old Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *pàlьcь.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (13th CE) /ˈpalɛt͡s/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /ˈpalɛt͡s/

Noun[edit]

palec m inan

  1. (anatomy) digit; finger
  2. (unit of measure) finger (length measure corresponding to the width of the thumb)
  3. tooth of a gear

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Czech: palec

References[edit]

Old Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *pàlьcь. First attested in the 14th century.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /palʲɛt͡s/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /palʲɛt͡s/

Noun[edit]

palec m animacy unattested

  1. (anatomy) digit; finger; toe
    • 1939 [end of the 14th century], Ryszard Ganszyniec, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Kubica, Ludwik Bernacki, editors, Psałterz florjański łacińsko-polsko-niemiecki [Sankt Florian Psalter]‎[3], Krakow: Zakład Narodowy imienia Ossolińskich, z zasiłkiem Sejmu Śląskiego [The Ossoliński National Institute: with the benefit of the Silesian Parliament], pages 8, 4:
      Bo vzrzø nebossa twoia, dzala palczow twogich (opera digitorum tuorum), mesøcz y gwazdy, iesz ies ty vczinil
      [Bo uźrzę niebiosa twoja, działa palców twojich (opera digitorum tuorum), miesiąc i gwiazdy, jeż ieś ty uczynił]
    • 1876-1929 [c. 1455], Vatroslav Jagić, editor, Archiv für slavische Philologie[4], volume XIV, Miechów, Kruchowo, page 491:
      Noszny palecz pedica
      [Nożny palec pedica]
    • c. 1500, Wokabularz lubiński, inkunabuł Archiwum Archidiecezjalnego w Gnieźnie, sygn. Inc. 78d., page 97v:
      Pedicus nozny pąlecz
      [Pedicus nozny palec]

Derived terms[edit]

adjectives
nouns

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Old Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *pàlьcь. First attested in 1473.

Noun[edit]

palec m inan

  1. (anatomy) digit; finger; toe
    1. (anatomy, more specifically) big finger; big toe
  2. (unit of measure) finger
  3. tooth of a gear

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Majtán, Milan et al., editors (1991–2008), “palec”, in Historický slovník slovenského jazyka [Historical Dictionary of the Slovak Language] (in Slovak), volumes 1–7 (A – Ž), Bratislava: VEDA, →OCLC

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish palec.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

palec m inan (diminutive paluszek, augmentative paluch, related adjective palcowy)

  1. (anatomy) digit; finger; toe
  2. finger; toe (part of clothing that covers one finger or toe)
  3. (by extension) finger (movable, elongated part of a device resembling a finger)
  4. (Middle Polish, unit of measure) finger
  5. (Middle Polish, astronomy, geometry) uncia (unit of length equal to 1/12 of the diameter)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjectives
adverbs
nouns
verbs

Related terms[edit]

adjectives

Trivia[edit]

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), palec is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 10 times in scientific texts, 0 times in news, 3 times in essays, 42 times in fiction, and 11 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 66 times, making it the 991st most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990) “palec”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language]‎[1] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków, Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 352

Further reading[edit]

  • palec in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • palce in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • palec in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “palec”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  • Paweł Kupiszewski (05.03.2013) “PALEC”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century]
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814) “palec”, in Słownik języka polskiego[5]
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861) “palec”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861[6]
  • A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1908), “palec”, in Słownik języka polskiego[7] (in Polish), volume 4, Warsaw, page 16
  • palec in Narodowy Fotokorpus Języka Polskiego

Silesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish palec.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

palec m inan

  1. (anatomy) digit; finger; toe

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • palec in dykcjonorz.eu
  • palec in silling.org
  • Henryk Jaroszewicz (2022) “palec”, in Zasady pisowni języka śląskiego (in Polish), Siedlce: Wydawnictwo Naukowe IKR[i]BL, page 109
  • Aleksandra Wencel (2023) “palec”, in Dykcjůnôrz ślų̊sko-polski[8], page 466

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Slovak palec, from Proto-Slavic *pàlьcь.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

palec m inan (genitive singular palca, nominative plural palce, genitive plural palcov)

  1. (anatomy) big finger; big toe
  2. finger (part of a glove covering one's finger)
  3. (historical, unit of measure) finger

Declension[edit]


References[edit]

  • palec”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *pàlьcь.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pȃləc m inan

  1. thumb (digit)

Inflection[edit]

The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., soft o-stem
nom. sing. pálec
gen. sing. pálca
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
pálec pálca pálci
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
pálca pálcev pálcev
dative
(dajȃlnik)
pálcu pálcema pálcem
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
pálec pálca pálce
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
pálcu pálcih pálcih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
pálcem pálcema pálci

Further reading[edit]

  • palec”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran