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U+9D32, 鴲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9D32

[U+9D31]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9D33]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 196, +6, 17 strokes, cangjie input 心日竹日火 (PAHAF) or X心日竹日 (XPAHA), composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1487, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46850
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2018, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4631, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9D32

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
鴲-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (23) (23)
Final () (15) (15)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiɪ/ /t͡ɕiɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕi/ /t͡ɕiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɪ/ /t͡ɕjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ci/ /ciH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕi/ /t͡ɕiH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕi/ /t͡ɕiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi/ /t͡ɕiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī zhì
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17324 17328
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kji/ /*kjis/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. hawfinch

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (shi)
  • Kan-on: (shi)
  • Kun: しめ (shime, )

Alternative forms[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
しめ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Etymology 1[edit]

⟨sime2 → */siməɨ//ɕime/

Likely from Old Japanese.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(しめ) (shime

  1. the hawfinch, Coccothraustes coccothraustes
    Hypernym: 花鶏 (atori)
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as シメ.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひめ
Hyōgaiji
Irregular

⟨pi1me2 → */pʲiməɨ//fime//hime/

From Old Japanese.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Distinct from (⟨pi1me1 → hime, (imperial) princess).

Noun[edit]

(ひめ) (hime

  1. (obsolete) the hawfinch, Coccothraustes coccothraustes
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 13, poem 3239), text here
      近江(あふみの)()()(とまり)八十(やそ)(あり)八十(やそ)(しま)()(しま)()(さき)邪伎(ざき)安利(あり)立有(たてる)(はな)(たちばな)()末枝(ほつえ)()毛知(もち)引懸(ひきかけ)(なかつ)枝尓(えに)伊加流我(いかるが)(かけ)下枝(しづえ)()比米(ひめ)()(かけ)己之(なが)(はは)()取久(とらく)()不知(しらに)己之(なが)(ちち)()取久(とらく)乎思良尓(をしらに)伊蘇婆比座与(いそばひをるよ)伊可流我等(いかるがと)比米(ひめ)() [Man'yōgana]
      近江(あふみ)(うみ)(とま)八十(やそ)あり八十(やそ)(しま)(しま)崎々(さきざき)あり()てる(はな)(たちばな)()()(もち)()()(なか)()斑鳩(いかるが)()下枝(しづえ)ひめ()()(はは)()らくを()らに()(ちち)()らくを()らにいそばひ()るよ斑鳩(いかるが)ひめ [Modern spelling]
      Ōmi no umi tomari yaso ari yaso shima no shima no saki-zaki ari-tateru hana-tachibana o hotsue ni mochi hikikake nakatsue ni ikaruga kake shizue ni hime o kake naga haha o toraku o shirani naga chichi o toraku o shirani isobai-oru yo ikaruga to hime to
      (please add an English translation of this example)
      [Note: In some versions, the man'yōgana (⟨pi1 → hi) is replaced with with (⟨si⟩ → shi), therefore can also be pronounced as the usual shime. Both shime and hime are attested in the Wamyō Ruijushō (938 CE) and Ruiju Myōgishō (c. 12th century) dictionaries.]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN