染指

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Chinese[edit]

to catch (a disease); dye
 
finger; to point; to direct; to indicate
simp. and trad.
(染指)

Etymology[edit]

黿鄭靈公公子子家子公食指子家他日如此異味……大夫黿子公子公染指於鼎 [MSC, trad.]
郑灵公公子子家子公食指子家他日如此异味……大夫子公子公染指于鼎 [MSC, simp.]
From: 《左傳·宣公四年》
Chǔ rén xiàn yuán yú Zhènglínggōng. Gōngzǐ Sòng yǔ Zǐjiā jiāng jiàn, Zǐgōng zhī shízhǐ dòng, yǐ shì Zǐjiā, yuē: ‘Tārì wǒ rúcǐ, bì cháng yìwèi.’...... Jí shí dàfū yuán, zhào Zǐgōng ér fú yǔ yě. Zǐgōng nù, rǎn zhǐ yúdǐng, cháng zhī ér chū. [Pinyin]
(please add an English translation of this example)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Initial () (38) (38) (23)
Final () (153) (153) (17)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiᴇmX/ /ȵiᴇmH/ /t͡ɕˠiɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɛmX/ /ȵiɛmH/ /t͡ɕᵚiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjæmX/ /ȵʑjæmH/ /t͡ɕiɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵiamX/ /ȵiamH/ /cjiX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiɛmX/ /ȵiɛmH/ /t͡ɕjiX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭɛmX/ /ȵʑĭɛmH/ /t͡ɕiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ɛmX/ /ȵʑi̯ɛmH/ /t͡ɕiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rǎn ràn zhǐ
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rǎn zhǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyemX › ‹ tsyijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.n[a]mʔ/ /*mə.kijʔ/
English to dye finger; point

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
No. 10790 10791 17325
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njomʔ/ /*njoms/ /*kjiʔ/

Verb[edit]

染指

  1. (literally) to dip a finger
  2. to encroach on; to have a hand in
  3. to meddle in; to interfere in