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small; tiny; few; young
|peaceful; spongy (of radishes)|
|simp. and trad.
|Literally: “small tranquility”.|
From a passage in The Book of Rites:
- ……如有不由此者，在勢者去，眾以為殃，是謂小康。 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
- From: The Book of Rites, circa 4th – 2nd century BCE
- ...... Rú yǒu bù yóu cǐ zhě, zài shì zhě qù, zhòng yǐ wéi yāng, shì wèi xiǎokāng. [Pinyin]
- […] Any rulers who did not follow this course were driven away by those who possessed power and position, and all regarded them as pests. This is the period of what we call Small Tranquillity.
……如有不由此者，在势者去，众以为殃，是谓小康。 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
- (Chinese philosophy) Confucian near-ideal state of society; period of peace and prosperity
- (modern uses) comparatively good living standards; moderate affluence
|Kanji in this term|
/seukau/ → /ɕeukau/ → /ɕeukɔː/ → /ɕoːkoː/
- 小康状態 (shōkō jōtai): a state of reduced activity