僧祇

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(僧祇)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (16) (30)
Final () (129) (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/səŋ/ /ɡiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/səŋ/ /ɡiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/səŋ/ /ɡjɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/səŋ/ /giə̆/
Li
Rong
/səŋ/ /ɡie/
Wang
Li
/səŋ/ /ɡǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/səŋ/ /gie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sēng

Etymology 1[edit]

Adjective[edit]

僧祇

  1. (literary, Buddhism) Short for 阿僧祇 (āsēngqí, “innumerable”).

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

僧祇

  1. (Buddhism) Alternative name for 僧伽 (sēngqié, “sangha”).
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Persian زنگی(zangi, dark-skinned).

Noun[edit]

僧祇

  1. (literary, obsolete) dark-skinned aborigines in Southeast Asia, or black people from the east coast of Africa