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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qon, *qonʔ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *qonʔ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十弓戈山 (JNIU), four-corner 30212, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 284, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7110
  • Dae Jaweon: page 561, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 922, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5B9B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (34) (34)
Final () (66) (66)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔʉɐn/ /ʔʉɐnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷiɐn/ /ʔʷiɐnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuɐn/ /ʔiuɐnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔuan/ /ʔuanX/
Li
Rong
/ʔiuɐn/ /ʔiuɐnX/
Wang
Li
/ĭwɐn/ /ĭwɐnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯wɐn/ /ʔi̯wɐnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuān yuǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjwonX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ʔ]o[r]ʔ/
English curved; to bend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 16284 16297
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qon/ /*qonʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. as if, seem
  2. crooked, winding

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wan, won) (hangeul , , revised wan, won, McCune-Reischauer wan, wŏn)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(uyển, uốn)

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