新羅

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See also: 新罗

Chinese[edit]

new; newly; meso- (chem.)
 
to collect; to gather; to catch; to shift; gauze
trad. (新羅)
simp. (新罗)
Wikipedia has an article on:
新羅

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

新羅

  1. Silla (one of the ancient Three Kingdoms of Korea)

Coordinate terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S
Irregular

/ɕiraki//ɕiraɡi/

Shift from older Shiraki below.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

新羅 (hiragana しらぎ, rōmaji Shiragi)

  1. Silla: (one of the ancient Three Kingdoms of Korea), between 57 BCE and 935 CE
Derived terms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S
Irregular

From Old Korean. Compare Middle Korean 실랗 (Sillah).

The final -raki may be cognate with the second syllable in 奈良 (Nara) (the name of a city and prefecture located in the Kansai region of Japan) and in the name of the Garak/Gara/Gaya confederacy (a loose confederation of city-states located at the southern tip of the Korean Peninsula in ancient times). Compare also the modern Korean 나라 (nara, country, kingdom), from Middle Korean 나랗 (narah).

The final -ki in the Japanese may be a vestige of the Old Korean locative suffix -k, possibly found in the derivations of modern Korean (ttang, land, ground, territory), from Middle Korean ᄯᅡᇂ (stah), and modern Korean (heuk, earth, soil), from Middle Korean ᄒᆞᆰ (holk).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

新羅 (hiragana しらき, rōmaji Shiraki)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) Silla

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 2

Grade: S
on’yomi

From the Middle Chinese-derived reading of the kanji characters.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

新羅 (hiragana しんら, rōmaji Shinra)

  1. Silla

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan