sesame

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See also: sésame

English[edit]

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sesame seeds

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English sysame, from Latin sīsamum, sēsamum, from Ancient Greek σήσαμον (sḗsamon), from Aramaic שושמא(šūššmā), shortening of שומשומא(šumššumā), from Akkadian 𒊭𒈦𒌑𒈬 (šamaššammū, oil plant), compound of 𒉌𒄑 (šaman, oil) and 𒌑 (šammum, plant). The modern pronunciation is influenced by Ancient Greek σησάμη (sēsámē), variant of σήσαμον (sḗsamon).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈsɛzəmi/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsɛsəmi/
    • (file)
  • (obsolete) IPA(key): /ˈsɛsəm/, /ˈsiːsəm/[1]
  • Rhymes: -ɛsəmɪ
  • Hyphenation: ses‧a‧me

Noun[edit]

sesame (countable and uncountable, plural sesames)

  1. A tropical Asian plant (Sesamum indicum) bearing small flat seeds used as food and as a source of oil.
    Synonyms: beniseed, gingelly
  2. The seed of this plant.
    • 2012 May 8, Yotam Ottolenghi; Sami Tamimi, Ottolenghi: The Cookbook[1], Random House, →ISBN, page 79:
      First, marinate the tofu. In a bowl, whisk the kecap manis, chilli sauce, and sesame oil together. Cut the tofu into strips about 1cm thick, mix gently (so it doesn't break) with the marinade and leave in the fridge for half an hour.
    Synonym: sesame seed

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 James A. H. Murray [et al.], editors (1884–1928), “Sesame”, in A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles (Oxford English Dictionary), volume VIII, Part 2 (S–Sh), London: Clarendon Press, OCLC 15566697, page 523, column 1.

Anagrams[edit]