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Alternative forms[edit]


Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *j́u̯anʉh, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰwonos. Compare Messapic den (voice) Serbo-Croatian zvono (bell), Armenian ձայն (jayn, voice).[1]


 m (plural zëra, definite zëri, definite plural zërat)

  1. voice
  2. characteristic sound of something
  3. (figurative) reputation
  4. (old) vote
  5. item (of goods, on a list), entry (in a ledger or dictionary)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Albanian zan, from Proto-Albanian *džeina, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰendʰ- (compare English begin, Ancient Greek χανδάνω (khandánō, to hold, contain), Sanskrit ज्या (jyā́, force, power), जयति (jáyati, to win, conquer)).[2]


(aorist zura, participle zënë)

  1. to take, occupy
  2. to do, make
  3. to grab, snatch, seize
  4. to catch
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰe or *ǵʰu̯e. Possibly related to zemër (heart), with zemër being analyzed as zem-ërë, meaning "the beating one".[3] The term is exclusively found in Arbëresh and is used in the forms zëe and zëje.


  1. (Arbëresh) soul, mind
  2. (Arbëresh) willpower


  1. ^ Schumacher, Stefan; Matzinger, Joachim (2013) Die Verben des Altalbanischen: Belegwörterbuch, Vorgeschichte und Etymologie (Albanische Forschungen; 33) (in German), Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 212
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998), “zë ~ zâ”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden; Boston; Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 74
  3. ^ Giordano, Emanuele.(2000).Fjalor i arbëreshëve të Italisë. Dizionario degli albanesi d'Italia