जयति

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *ȷ́áyati, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ǰáyati, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷéy-e-ti, from *gʷey- (to win, conquer). Cognate with Ancient Greek βῐ́ᾱ (bíā, force).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

जयति (jáyati) (root जि, class 1, type P, present)

  1. to conquer, defeat, vanquish, win
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 4.50.9:
      अप्रतीतो जयति सं धनानि प्रतिजन्यान्युत या सजन्या ।
      अवस्यवे यो वरिवः कृणोति ब्रह्मणे राजा तमवन्ति देवाः ॥
      apratīto jayati saṃ dhanāni pratijanyānyuta yā sajanyā .
      avasyave yo varivaḥ kṛṇoti brahmaṇe rājā tamavanti devāḥ .
      He, unopposed, is master of the riches of his own subjects and of hostile people.
      The Gods uphold that King with their protection who helps the Brahman when he seeks his favour.
  2. to acquire, gain
  3. to overcome
  4. to expel from
  5. "long live"

Inflection[edit]

Present thematic conjugation of जयति
Active voice Present Imperfect Imperative Optative
Active voice Present Imperfect Imperative Optative
1st singular जयामि अजयम् जयानि जयेयम्
2nd singular जयसि अजयः जय जयेः
3rd singular जयति अजयत् जयतु जयेत्
1st dual जयावः अजयाव जयाव जयेव​
2nd dual जयथः अजयतम् जयतम् जयेतम्
3rd dual जयतः अजयताम् जयताम् जयेताम्
1st plural जयामः अजयाम जयाम जयेम​
2nd plural जयथ​ अजयत​ जयत​ जयेत​
3rd plural जयन्ति अजयन् जयन्तु जयेयुः
Participle जयन्
Middle voice Present Imperfect Imperative Optative
Middle voice Present Imperfect Imperative Optative
1st singular जये अजये जयै जयेय​
2nd singular जयसे अजयथाः जयस्व​ जयेथाः
3rd singular जयते अजयत​ जयताम् जयेत​
1st dual जयावहे अजयावहि जयावहै जयेवहि
2nd dual जयेथे अजयेथाम् जयेथाम् जयेयाथाम्
3rd dual जयेते अजयेताम् जयेताम् जयेयाताम्
1st plural जयामहे अजयामहि जयामहै जयेमहि
2nd plural जयध्वे अजयध्वम् जयध्वम् जयेध्वम्
3rd plural जयन्ते अजयन्त​ जयन्ताम् जयेरन्
Participle जयमानः
Perfect conjugation of जिगाय​, जिग्ये
Active Middle
Active Middle
1st singular जिगय​/जिगाय​ जिग्ये
2nd singular जिगयिथ​ जिग्यिषे
3rd singular जिगाय​ जिग्ये
1st dual जिग्यिव जिग्यिवहे ​
2nd dual जिग्यथुः जिग्याथे
3rd dual जिग्यतुः जिग्याते
1st plural जिग्यिम जिग्यिमहे
2nd plural जिग्य​ जिग्यिध्वे
3rd plural जिग्युः जिग्यिरे
Participle जिग्यिवान् जिग्यानः

References[edit]