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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 8 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜口弓弓 (YRNN), four-corner 00207, composition)

  1. smoothly, progressing, no trouble

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 88, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 187, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 284, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4EA8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
亨-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xəŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /xəŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /xəŋ²¹/
Jinan /xəŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /xəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /xəŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /xəŋ²¹/
Xining /xə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xəŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /xə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /xɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /xən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /xen⁵⁵/
Kunming /xə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /xən³¹/
Hefei /xən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /xəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /xəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /hɑ̃⁵³/
Suzhou /hã⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /hen³³/
/hɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /hiɛ³³/
Hui Shexian /xʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /xan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /xən³³/
Xiangtan /hən³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /hen⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐŋ⁵³/
Nanning /hɐŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hɐŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɛiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xaiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /heŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (32)
Final: (109)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: hēng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/hɣæŋ/ /hɯaŋ/ /xaŋ/ /haɨjŋ/ /xɐŋ/ /xɐŋ/ /xɐŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (2)
Final: (111)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: pīng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰɣiæŋ/ /pʰɯiaŋ/ /pʰiaŋ/ /pʰiajŋ/ /pʰiɐŋ/ /pʰĭɐŋ/ /pʰi̯ɐŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (32)
Final: (105)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xǎng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/hɨɐŋX/ /hiɐŋX/ /xiɑŋX/ /hɨaŋX/ /xiaŋX/ /xĭaŋX/ /xi̯aŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hēng ‹ xæng › /*qʰˤraŋ/ penetrate
pēng ‹ phæng › /*[p.qʰ]ˤraŋ/ (loan for) to boil
xiǎng ‹ xjangX › /*[qʰ]aŋʔ/ sacrificial offering

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5111 0 /*qʰaŋʔ/
5113 0 /*pqʰraːŋ/
5115 0 /*qʰraːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. pass through
  2. go smoothly

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana とおる, romaji Tōru)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyeong, paeng) (hangeul , , revised hyeong, paeng, McCune-Reischauer hyŏng, p'aeng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hanh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.