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See also: and
U+4EA8, 亨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EA8

[U+4EA7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EA9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 8 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜口弓弓 (YRNN), four-corner 00207, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 88, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 187, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 284, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4EA8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
亨-seal.svg


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰaŋʔ, *pqʰraːŋ, *qʰraːŋ
*qʰaŋʔ
*pqʰraːŋ
*qʰraːŋ
*qʰraːŋ
*qʰraːŋ

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (32)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hˠæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hᵚaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/haɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/xɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/xɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hēng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰˤraŋ/
English penetrate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 5115
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰraːŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. smoothly progressing; prosperous
    財運 / 财运  ―  cáiyùn hēngtōng  ―  to have a good run for money
  2. (physics) Short for 亨利 (Hēnglì, “henry”).
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (2)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/pʰiɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
pēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ phæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[p.qʰ]ˤraŋ/
English (loan for) to boil

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 5113
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pqʰraːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (pēng).

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (32)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/xiaŋX/
Wang
Li
/xĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiǎng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[qʰ]aŋʔ/
English sacrificial offering

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 5111
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaŋʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (xiǎng).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. pass through
  2. go smoothly

Readings[edit]

As an alternative form of :

As an alternative form of :

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana とおる, rōmaji Tōru)

  1. A male given name

References[edit]

  • 諸橋轍次 (Morohashi Tetsuji), chief ed. 大漢和辞典 (Dai Kan-Wa Jiten, “Comprehensive Chinese–Japanese Dictionary”). 13 vols. 1955–1960. Revised and enlarged ed. 1984–1986. Tokyo: Taishukan.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyeong, paeng) (hangeul , , revised hyeong, paeng, McCune-Reischauer hyŏng, p'aeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hanh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.