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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 159 +1, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十十山 (JJU), four-corner 52010, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1239, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38173
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1713, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3512, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8ECB

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ia⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂa²⁴/ ~鋼
/ia⁵³/ ~道機
Tianjin /iɑ⁵³/
Jinan /ia²¹/
Qingdao /ka⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ia³¹²/
Xi'an /nia⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡sa²⁴/
Yinchuan /ia¹³/
Lanzhou /ia¹³/
/ia⁵³/
Ürümqi /ia²¹³/
Wuhan /ia³⁵/
/ŋa³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sa³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sa²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂa̠³¹/
Nanjing /iɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /iɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ia⁴⁵/ ~死
/t͡saʔ²/ ~鋼
Pingyao /ȵiɑ³⁵/
Hohhot /ia⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /gaʔ¹/
Suzhou /gaʔ³/
Hangzhou /gɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /a²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ia²⁴/
Xiangtan /ŋɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ŋaʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sap̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sat̚³/
Nanning /t͡sat̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sat̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /at̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong)
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sa²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋak̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (75)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠɛt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚæt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔəɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/æt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔat̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ya
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔɛt ›
Old
Chinese
/*qˤrət/
English crush

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14914
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qriːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. crush by weight
  2. grind

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(al) (hangeul , revised al, McCune-Reischauer al, Yale al)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ca, loát, yết)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.