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See also:
U+8ECB, 軋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8ECB

[U+8ECA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8ECC]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 159 +1, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十十山 (JJU), four-corner 52010, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1239, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38173
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1713, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3512, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8ECB

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
軋-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qreːd
*sqriːd
*sqriːd
*ʔsriːd
*ʔsriːd
*qriːd
*qriːd
*qriːd, *qʷriːd
*qʷriːd
*qriːd, *qrid
*ŋrid, *teb
*qriɡ
*qrɯɡ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • yà - (“grind”);
  • gá - (“squeeze in”);
  • zhá - (“crush by weight”).
  • Cantonese
  • Min Bei
  • Min Nan

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ia⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂa²⁴/ ~鋼
    /ia⁵³/ ~道機
    Tianjin /iɑ⁵³/
    Jinan /ia²¹/
    Qingdao /ka⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ia³¹²/
    Xi'an /nia⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡sa²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ia¹³/
    Lanzhou /ia¹³/
    /ia⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ia²¹³/
    Wuhan /ia³⁵/
    /ŋa³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sa³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sa²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂa̠³¹/
    Nanjing /iɑʔ⁵/
    Hefei /iɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ia⁴⁵/ ~死
    /t͡saʔ²/ ~鋼
    Pingyao /ȵiɑ³⁵/
    Hohhot /ia⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /gaʔ¹/
    Suzhou /gaʔ³/
    Hangzhou /gɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /a²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /kaʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡sɔ⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ia²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ŋɒ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ŋaʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sap̚¹/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sat̚³/
    Nanning /t͡sat̚³³/
    Hong Kong /t͡sat̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /at̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong)
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sa²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sak̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋak̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (75)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠɛt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚæt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔəɨt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /æt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔat̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ya
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔɛt ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qˤrət/
    English crush

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14914
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qriːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to crush by weight
    2. to grind
    3. to squeeze in
    4. Used in onomatopoeia.
    5. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. squeak
    2. creak
    3. grate

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (al) (hangeul , revised al, McCune-Reischauer al, Yale al)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ca, loát, yết)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.