忠告

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Chinese

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loyal to tell; to inform; to say
trad. (忠告/忠吿) /
simp. (忠告)

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (9) (28)
Final () (2) (6)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Baxter trjuwng kowk
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuŋ/ /kuok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuŋ/ /kuok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuŋ/ /kok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwŋ/ /kawk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuŋ/ /kok̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuŋ/ /kuok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uŋ/ /kuok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng gu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zung1 guk1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōng gào
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwng › ‹ kowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*truŋ/ /*kˁuk/
English loyal announce, inform

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
No. 17408 3818
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuŋ/ /*kuːɡ/

Noun

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忠告

  1. advice; recommendation; counsel

Synonyms

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Verb

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忠告

  1. to advise

Synonyms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (忠告):
  • Japanese: (ちゅう)(こく) (chūkoku)
  • Korean: 충고(忠告) (chunggo)

Japanese

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Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 6
こく
Grade: 5
on'yomi
Alternative spelling
忠吿 (kyūjitai)

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(ちゅう)(こく) (chūkoku

  1. advice

Verb

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(ちゅう)(こく)する (chūkoku surutransitive suru (stem (ちゅう)(こく) (chūkoku shi), past (ちゅう)(こく)した (chūkoku shita))

  1. advise
    ()()けるよう忠告(ちゅうこく)する
    ki o tsukeru yō ni to chūkoku suru
    advise to be careful

Conjugation

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References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Noun

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忠告 (chunggo) (hangeul 충고)

  1. Hanja form? of 충고 (advice).