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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(meat) – meat dishes. The character 爻 also has meaning of “cut, divided, sliced”, so connotations of “sliced meat, prepared meat”.

Current form resembles  +  – the lower 乂 of 爻 has moved to the side and down.

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大大月 (KKB), four-corner 40227, composition)

  1. cooked or prepared meat

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 976, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29322
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1427, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2049, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+80B4

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(traditional , Yale ngaau4)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
, (sakana): a side dish served with alcoholic beverages.
Kanji in this term
さかな
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Compound of Old Japanese elements ‎(saka, sake, rice wine, old combining form of modern sake reading) +‎ ‎(na, side dish).[1][2][3] Likely source of Okinawan さかな ‎(sakana).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さかな, romaji sakana)

  1. fish
  2. a side dish served with alcoholic beverages: not necessarily fish, may be a vegetable or other meat
  3. entertainment at a drinking party
Usage notes[edit]

The fish sense is more commonly spelled .

Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(na): fish as a side dish.
Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Also spelled variously in kanji in modern Japanese as ‎(for meat or fish), ‎(for vegetables), ‎(for fish).[1]

This reading appears to be obsolete in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji na)

  1. a side dish, be it meat or fish or greens
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyo) (hangeul , revised hyo, McCune-Reischauer hyo, Yale hyo)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(traditional , Pinyin yáo (yao2), Wade-Giles yao2)

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