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See also: sinä


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An early modern Latin map after Ptolemy, showing SINÆ on the Great Gulf at the eastern end of the landlocked Indian Ocean.
An 18th-century Latin map of China Proper (Sinæ Propriæ).


From Ptolemy's Ancient Greek Σῖναι ‎(Sînai) of uncertain etymology, but probably from Sanskrit चीन ‎(Cina, China), possibly via Arabic اَلصِّين ‎(aṣ-ṣīn, China; the Chinese) and usually held to derive from Old Chinese ‎(*Dzin, Qin). See "Names of China" at Wikipedia.


Proper noun[edit]

Sinae f pl ‎(genitive Sinārum, locative Sinīs); first declension

  1. (culture) The Chinese, specifically:
    1. (Classical) The southern Chinese: the Cantonese, Vietnamese, and other Yue peoples reached via the maritime Silk Road to Panyu (Guangzhou), not known at the time to be related to the Seres reached by the overland route to Chang'an (Xi'an).
    2. (New Latin) The Chinese people: the Han Chinese or citizens of China.
  2. (geography) The land of the Chinese, specifically:
    1. (Classical) The land of the southern Chinese: Guangdong and northern Vietnam.
    2. (New Latin) China: the Republic or People's Republic of China.


First declension.

Case Plural
nominative Sinae
genitive Sinārum
dative Sinīs
accusative Sinās
ablative Sinīs
vocative Sinae


Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]